Pear "Bere Bosk" is one of the most popular and demanded late varieties and has been widely used in personal plots and garden plots of our country. This autumn variety compares favorably with high rates of very regular fruiting, as well as excellent transportability of harvested fruits.
This variety was bred by French breeders at the end of the XVIII century. Today, the Bere Bosk pear is not only regionalized in our country, but also has become widespread in the territory of the Caucasus, as well as in neighboring states.
Botanical grade description
The pear tree of the Bere Bosk variety is medium-sized, but with proper care it can reach impressive size. The plant has a pyramidal, medium-dense crown, consisting of long, cranked branches. With age, the crown acquires a pronounced spreading and wide pyramidal shape. The shoots are thick, with pressed buds, have a grayish-brown color of the bark. The leaves are large, ovoid, dark green, with short petioles.
Flowers of a wide open type, large enough, are collected in numerous lush inflorescences. They have oblong-oval petals and a notched wavy edge. They are characterized by increased resistance to spring cooling. The late flowering period protects the flowers from the negative effects of late spring frosts.
The fruits of the Bere Bosk pear of large or medium size, weighing no more than 210 g, possess the elongated pear-shaped form. The skin is thin, with a roughness, yellowish or tan, with a noticeable rustiness. The fruits are attached to the branch using a long, thick and curved stalk.
The flesh is creamy or white, oily, juicy and sweet. Differs in aroma and almond smack. Fruit ripening occurs in September. The average shelf life of pears does not exceed a month. Ripe fruits are firmly held on the branches and are not prone to shedding even under the influence of strong gusts of wind.
The ripening of the crop is uneven. Plants enter the fruiting stage in the sixth year after planting in a permanent place. The yields of this fruit crop are very high. Harvested is used fresh. As a result of prolonged storage, the palatability of the fruit can be significantly reduced, and the flesh acquires a dryness and excessive hardness. When growing the Bere Bosk pear, it should be remembered that in the initial stage of development, young plants are characterized by active growth and at this time it is very important to provide the pear with the right conditions and quality care.
Pear "Bere Bosk": features of the variety
A pear of the popular Bere Bosk variety is not demanding on growing conditions, but grows especially well and bears fruit abundantly when cultivated on light and loose soils with moderate moisture indicators. When cultivated in shaded and swampy areas, the plant will produce a minimum yield.
When growing pear "Bere Bosk" you must adhere to the following recommendations:
- for the first time after planting, it is very important to provide young plants with conditions for good growth, and it is also recommended to trim the crown;
- at the initial stage of cultivation, particular importance is given to fertilizing plants with nitrogen-containing fertilizers and organic matter;
- the variety has high requirements for the presence of potassium in the soil, therefore, in areas with depleted soils, the dose of potash fertilizer should be increased by about 15-20%;
- in dry weather, pear trees should be watered at least three times in the volume of three buckets of water per plant;
- in the phase of maximum plant productivity, it is recommended to keep the soil in near-stem circles under the so-called "black vapor";
- in the autumn period, a thorough digging of the soil in trunk circles to a depth of not more than 10-12 cm is required;
- in the aisles, autumn digging of the soil is carried out to a depth of not more than 15-17 cm.
When cultivating pear plantations on heavy soils, manure or compost should be applied no more than once every three years, and on loamy soils organic matter is applied no more than once every two years. In the early spring period, in the process of loosening the soil, it is necessary to make a third of the annual norm of nitrogen-containing fertilizers.
We also suggest that you familiarize yourself with the varietal features of the August dew pear.
Recommendations and reviews of gardeners
Among the disadvantages of the variety, gardeners note a reduced level of drought tolerance and insufficient winter hardiness, which suggests the warming of young plants in the winter. A good result is the cultivation of pears of this variety along the wall of the building or fences. Adult fruit stands can easily tolerate low temperature conditions and do not need significant insulation for the winter.
The crown of an adult plant is characterized by asymmetry and spreading, which requires regular and competent pruning, which will give the upper part of the plant the most correct and productive form. According to the observations of summer residents, the fruits of the Bere Bosk pear are not one-dimensional and do not ripen at the same time.
Pears: growing and care
At the same time, the pear of the Bere Bosk variety, popular in our country, has a significant number of advantages, including very high quality fruits and large fruit sizes. In addition, over time, tree yield can increase significantly. The variety is characterized by low demands on soil and climatic conditions in the growing region, and shows the highest productivity on light soils with a sufficient amount of irrigation. The popularity and demand of "Bere Bosk" is also due to the sufficient resistance of the plant to damage by many fungal diseases and scab.