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One of the most beloved garden berries is currants. Sweet varieties of currants are loved by many summer residents. What is currant, and why is it so popular in our country? The answer lies in its taste, nutritional and healing properties. Experienced gardeners grow different types and varieties of berries, each of which has its own characteristics.
Already at the end of May, the bush blooms with yellow flowers, which means that soon it will be possible to enjoy delicious fruits.
Types of currants and their differences
There are different types of currants. A certain shape, size, color of berries, the consistency of pulp, taste qualities - all this distinguishes one type of shrub from another.
Currant varieties are generally divided according to the following criteria:
- ripening period (the berry is early ripe, mid-ripe, late ripe);
- the amount of sugar in percentage (sweet, sweet and sour, sour);
- fruit size (large-fruited, medium-fruited, small-fruited);
- disease resistance;
- productivity (high-yielding, medium-yielding, low-yielding).
Currant: variety selection
Garden currant is perhaps the most delicious fruit that can be grown in the garden. Valuable vitamins, organic acids and minerals are found in large quantities in this berry. Moreover, not only the fruits themselves are valuable, but also the leaves, as well as the buds of the plant.
Currants are red, black and white.
About what varieties of currants exist, their description is presented below.
Currant red early sweet. The advantage of this type of berry is its early ripening. This culture can be grown in most regions, as it is resistant to temperature extremes, diseases and harmful bugs. The bush is of medium height, sprawling and not very dense. Berries have a red tint, have a spherical shape, can be both small and large. Early sweet has a sweet and sour taste, a little tart and refreshing. This type of shrub is used to make jam and jam.
Berry Gross. This culture belongs to the early varieties, as it is possible to see ripened berries already 35-40 days after the flowering of the bush. The berries themselves are of the same size, mostly large and sweet, with a glossy skin and firm to the touch. The brush reaches up to 10 cm in length. This species has a stable and rich harvest. You can collect up to 4 kg of berries from 1 bush. Gross blackcurrant is resistant to temperature extremes and various diseases. For this, many gardeners love her.
Variety Roland. Currant Roland has high productivity (up to 7 kg of berries) and fruitfulness. It is characterized by thick, straight shoots. The bush does not require thinning pruning. The leaves are small, yellow-green. Tassels have a good length (about 12 cm), each of which carries 30 flowers. The fruits are red and large. Mostly compote and juices are made from such a crop. If the berry is overripe - it does not matter. On the contrary, it becomes even tastier. Redcurrant of this variety is rich in pectin. You can enjoy the harvest at the end of July. The culture is resistant to fungal diseases.
Variety Fertody. Hungarian look. Fertody is characterized by late ripening; it is winter-hardy and high-yielding. The shrub has medium density, grows straight up. The fruits have a sweet and sour taste. This culture has a big plus - it is well transportable. It can be used both fresh and in canned form.
Cherry Berry. This type of shrub belongs to the Ukrainian variety. Cherry currants are large-fruited, productive, have an average ripening period, are quite resistant to various pests. However, by the end of the summer, slight rust on the leaves can be seen. The bush does not like drought, so do not forget to water it as often as possible. The shrub grows strongly, has thick, straight shoots. Fruits are large, have a large number of pectins, acids, sugars and vitamins. They taste sweet and sour. After ripening, the berries are able to sag on the branch for some time and not crumble. They can be used for any culinary purposes.
Currant Tamerlan. The plant belongs to mid-season and gives an average yield. Shrub grows high, not too sprawling. The brushes are small (about 6 cm). The fruits are characterized by large size and sweet and sour taste. The variety has a good fruit ripening speed.
The bush should be planted in partial shade in good fertile soil. Earth needs to be moistened as it dries. The shrub itself is resistant to frost and disease. Currant of this species is extremely rich in vitamin C, is a valuable medicinal plant. From it you can cook: jelly, syrup, juice, tincture, wine, liquor, jam, jam and even yogurt. The shrub Tamerlan has good reviews among gardeners.
Currant: planting and care
The fruits, leaves and stalks of currant are the most valuable raw materials in the food industry and medicine.