We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Manure is a common organic fertilizer, which includes excrement of farm animals, which determines the characteristic odor and texture. It is produced as a result of processing fodder and feed under the influence of enzymatic and microbiological activity. In modern home gardening and vegetable growing, cow and horse manure, as well as chicken or any bird droppings, are most widely used.
Composition and properties
Excellent friability, low moisture content, high temperature performance of the decomposition process. There is completely no acidizing effect and the need to use a variety of deoxidizing agents. Favorable effects on the soil composition in combination with a very large amount of nutrients of organic and mineral origin make horse manure one of the best types of fertilizer.
The composition of such manure largely depends on the diet of the animal and the material used as bedding.
The advantages of using horse manure as a highly effective organic fertilizer are as follows:
- it can be applied not only in rotated and semi-matured form, but also fresh or in the form of granular and liquid substance, composted and humus mass;
- the opportunity to improve the soil composition in the shortest possible time, significantly increase the humus content, accelerate microbiological processes and carbon nutrition of garden or horticultural crops;
- there is no need to carry out liming of soil after introduction of manure in any form;
- the temperature regime in the decomposition stage exceeds 70 ° C, which allows horse manure to be used, if necessary, to create warm beds not only in greenhouse constructions, but also in open ground conditions;
- the use of horse manure in combination with sawdust, straw or peat crumb can improve soil throughput, increases aeration rates.
Before using horse manure in a homestead or garden economy, it is necessary to familiarize yourself with the application rules and the scope of use of this highly effective organic fertilizer.
Horse Dung: Organic Fertilizer
Features of use
Depending on the type of soil, botanical and varietal features of a garden or garden crop, one or another type of fertilizer should be used:
- Fresh horse manure is most often brought in for autumn digging. After harvesting and cleaning the planted area from weeds, sprinkle fresh horse manure at a rate of 5-6 kg per square meter, and then conduct a deep digging;
- when growing potatoes, fresh horse manure is applied directly to the planting holes, where it is mixed with soil;
- bush rose planting is recommended to be fertilized with fresh horse manure in the autumn, combining top dressing with an earthing event;
- fresh manure can also be mixed with straw and spread between rows of raspberries or strawberries, as well as in near-stem circles of fruit or berry orchards;
- half-ripened horse manure can be applied under berry bushes, ornamental plants, cabbage crops, spinach and cucumbers;
- rotted manure is well suited for mulching berry bushes or fruit stands.
In recent years, the popularity of granular horse manure has been growing. Such a fertilizer not only has a convenient form for use, but also contains nutritional components in the form most accessible to garden crops.
When using horse manure in greenhouse constructions or hotbeds, horse manure should be applied in a layer of 20-30 cm, followed by backfilling with soil. Thus, vegetable growers have an excellent opportunity to obtain effective warm ridges suitable for cultivating zucchini or cucumbers.
Instructions for creating warm ridges in open ground:
- remove the soil layer with a thickness of about 35-40 cm;
- put horse manure at the bottom with a layer of not more than 20-22 cm;
- shed a layer of manure with hot water with the addition of potassium permanganate crystals;
- powder a layer of wet manure with wood ash;
- mix the soil with compost in a ratio of 1: 1 and fill the mixture with a layer of manure;
- to cover a warm ridge with a film.
Horse manure is most often used to create warm ridges on cold or heavy soils, which need high-quality heating. In addition, this type of organic fertilizer mixed with straw is perfect for creating a nutritious and well-heated substrate for growing champignons.
Horse manure requirements for spring planting
Many novice gardeners and gardeners are concerned about the question of whether horse manure can be used as an effective fertilizer in spring, directly under planting. Usually, horse manure is used for autumn digging of the soil. Spring fertilizing is allowed in the preparation of ridges for the cultivation of the following garden crops: cucumbers, any kinds of cabbage, pumpkin crops, zucchini, early varieties of potatoes.
A peculiarity of horse manure is its low nitrogen content, which allows the fertilizer to increase its maximum efficiency by the third year after application to the soil. Such a time is necessary for the high-quality decomposition of organic substances.
Manure: preparation before application
When using horse manure as spring fertilizer, it should be borne in mind that the standard application rate is about 4-5 kg per square meter of planted area. In the conditions of home gardening, it is recommended to use fresh horse manure in the form of liquid top dressing at a rate of 1: 1. Infused for a week, the solution should be diluted in a ratio of 1:10. Such organic top dressing is especially effective when used in the first decade of summer.