What types of dahlia princess are the most popular

What types of dahlia princess are the most popular

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Dahlia (belongs to the family Asteraceae or Astrov) is a perennial plant. Dahlias Princess Elizabeth, Princess Park, Princess Grazia, Princess Letizia - decorative varieties. All plants have a tuberous rhizome.

Homeland dahlia is Mexico. The Mexican name is acocotle, chichipatl, coco cochit. They are translated into Russian, like a flower having a hollow stem. Locals used the plant as a medicine, and tubers as food. In the 18th century, flowers appeared in Europe, were grown from seeds in the Madrid Botanical Garden.

The Latin name dáhlia was appropriated in 1791. The names "dahlia" or "dahlia" are derived from the name of the famous St. Petersburg botanist Johann Georgi.
The plants are large, with large flower heads. Spherical inflorescences are found.

In Europe, the most common "Dahlia changeable."

Choosing a site for landing

Over two hundred years, breeders obtained several tens of thousands of plant varieties.

Plants with terry flowers belong to decorative dahlias. Petals are flat, wide, rounded at the ends, slightly curved to the peduncle. The diameter of the largest inflorescences is 40 cm, the smallest - 5 cm. This group of plants can be represented by stunted bushes 25 cm high, large specimens reach a height of two meters.

Plants must be in the sun for at least six hours. It is required to provide protection from strong winds. They prefer humus-rich soils with an admixture of clay (pH 6.5-6.7) or fertilized sandy soils, and they also grow successfully on other soils. In lowlands and places water accumulations do not develop.

In the fall, the earth is dug up, cleaned of the roots of perennial weeds.
The culture is thermophilic, it is allowed to transplant into the ground in early June, when night frosts do not resume. Each tuber needs to keep 1-2 kidneys, the root neck is deepened by 2 or 3 cm. A small depression is prepared for planting, add rotted manure, superphosphate if necessary. A solid one and a half meter peg is driven into the hole to strengthen tall bushes. After planting, water well. As they grow, the branches of the bush are gradually fixed.

How to prepare dahlias for planting

From dahlia princesses, Princess Dahlia Park has a pearl pink color. Height - 60 cm, flower diameter - 10 cm, flowering occurs in July - September.

Tall varieties are best placed in the background of the flower garden, as green plants are not decorative. In this case, it is veiled from the eyes of other, shorter plants. As partners in the foreground, it is optimal to use brightly blooming annuals (petunias, snapdragons, lobelia, pelargonium, etc.). On the average plan of the composition, phloxes, daylilies, goldenrod look optimal.
Agrotechnics (growing technology) dahlia

Leaving consists in watering (until September), removing weeds, loosening the soil, applying fertilizers. Top dressing begins a week after planting and is carried out with a frequency of ten days, in September they do not fertilize. The soil around the bush is mulched with sawdust. Side stepsons cut up to the fourth pair of leaves (only for tall bushes), which stimulates the earlier formation of flowers. With the timely removal of faded inflorescences, the bush blooms longer.

Reproduction Methods:

  • cuttings;
  • tuber division;
  • vaccination;
  • seeds.

The dahlia fruit is an achene with 140 seeds that retain germination for three years.


  • slobbering pennies;
  • aphid;
  • flower beetles.

Slugs eat flowers and leaves, spoiling the appearance of the plant.

Large flowers are used for cutting.

To obtain the maximum number of flowers, pinch the main shoot over the fourth pair of leaves.

Pinching of the upper lateral shoots is carried out over the second pair of leaves. The central bud is removed to thicken and lengthen the peduncle, while the inflorescences become much larger. Faded flowers that have not been cut are removed.

Common diseases:

  • viral mosaic;
  • powdery mildew;
  • bacterial cancer;
  • gray rot.

Dahlia Princess Grace. The flowers are pale pink, the center is yellow. Forms a compact undersized bush up to 30 cm, suitable for growing in a container, foreground of a flower garden, border. It blooms in July - October, the diameter of the flowers is 8 cm.

Storage of planting material in winter

The plant is thermophilic, does not winter in the open ground. In October, when the aerial part dies off after frosts, the stems are cut 4 cm above the root neck, the tubers are dug up and stored until the next planting season.

For the winter, rhizomes are placed in boxes of 80 × 50 × 60 cm in size. The bottom is lined with thick paper, 3 cm of soil is poured, tubers are laid out in rows, covered with earth. If the volume of the box allows, another row is placed on top, completely covered with earth, covered with a layer of thick paper from above.

Alternatives to storage under different conditions:

  1. Underground. Storage temperature 3-6 ° C, relative humidity 70%. Airing required.
  2. Optimal storage conditions - basement or cellar. Temperature 1-7 ° C, humidity 80-100%.
  3. Dry basement. Storage temperature 1-10 °, humidity 50-80%. Tubers must be covered with sawdust or peat filling the voids.
  4. Dry heated room (apartment). Place the material in plastic bags, pouring it with dry peat (perlite, vermiculite), carefully tie.

How to plant dahlias

Dahlia Princess Latita (Letizia - Dahlia Princesse Laetitia). Compact decorative dahlia, the height of the bush is 25-30 cm, the diameter of the inflorescences is 8 cm. In the center, the flowers are white, along the edges are soft lilac. Low-growing varieties are used in rabatka, borders, massifs, planted in pots and containers.