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Remontant strawberries are capable of repeated or repeated flowering and fruiting during one growing season. However, it must be borne in mind that the maintenance is accompanied by poor seed germination, as well as smaller repeated fruiting.
Reproduction, planting and cultivation of garden strawberry remontant should be carried out taking into account the botanical features and descriptions of berry culture. Most gardeners call strawberries a small-fruited berry, and strawberries - large-fruited varieties. In this case, the berry can be yellow, white or classic red.
A feature of the DSD remodeling strawberries, or long daylight hours, is the ability to form berries first in July and then in August or September. The second fruiting is more abundant and can be about 70−90% of the total yield. Such varieties require more careful care, due to high productivity and increased load on the plant. The best varieties can form berries both on mother plants and on young bushes, which were formed from mustaches rooted at the initial stage of vegetation. Large-fruited varieties often form the best and most promising for home gardening berries, whose mass reaches 90–98 g.
It should be remembered that if we plant DSD remontant garden strawberries, then the following features of the berry culture must be taken into account:
- this type of plant is not able to grow and bear fruit for many years, and the accelerated cycle of varieties of DSD is about two to three years;
- to increase the yield of the second harvest. it is necessary in the spring to remove peduncles from all productive plants;
- to obtain high-quality seedling material in the form of a strawberry mustache with rosettes, it will be necessary to remove the peduncles of the second crop.
Varieties of garden strawberries NDS, or neutral daylight hours, have such a feature as almost continuous fruiting, therefore, the plant very quickly consumes the main supply of food, which reduces the rate of large-fruited in the next seasons. Replacement of such plants is carried out after a year. Small-fruited varieties of the repairing type bear fruit throughout the summer period and until late autumn. Varieties and hybrid forms with large berries bear fruit twice a season.
Remontant strawberries: varieties
Some varieties of remontant strawberries can form a mustache, but there are also hairless species that make it easier to care for plants, but for propagation it will be necessary to use dividing a bush or propagating a berry culture by sowing seed material.
When growing, stratification or direct sowing in the ground can be used. Seeds should be sown on seedlings of berry culture. Such seed cultivation requires strict adherence to technology that allows you to propagate and grow most of the maintenance crops:
- in mid-February, seeds should be sown on the surface of a moistened nutrient soil, without deepening in the soil;
- crops must be covered with a film and left in a warm and slightly darkened place until mass emergence of the berry culture;
- for watering seeds, it is necessary to use water at room temperature sprayed from a conventional household spray gun;
- after emergence, the container with strawberry seedlings should be moved to a window or installed in a heated greenhouse;
- when three true leaves appear, picking strawberry seedlings is carried out in individual containers;
- Only the most powerful and well-developed strawberry seedlings are transplanted.
In order to plant as strong and productive bushes as possible in a permanent place, guaranteeing a plentiful harvest, you should properly care for the plant. It is easy to grow seedlings of berry culture. It is enough to carry out watering and carry out one dressing with special fertilizers for strawberries.
The best varieties for the Urals and Siberia
The territory of most regions of the Urals and Siberia is characterized by very unfavorable soil and climatic conditions for the cultivation of many heat-loving berry crops. Unstable and very often quite cold weather in the summer period requires a competent choice of repair strawberries. Preference should be given to zoned varieties with a good level of resistance to low temperatures and diseases.
|Grade name||Plant description||Berry characteristic||Sustainability||Features|
|Brighton||Compact type, medium size, with rounded leaves||Conical, blunt-ended, glossy, fairly large sizes||Almost not affected by diseases and major pests||Light pineapple taste of pulp|
|"Elizabeth II"||Powerful, dark green, spreading type||Large, with a shiny surface and dense pulp||High resistance to frost, disease and pests||The variety is suitable for cultivation in open and protected ground.|
|"Irishka-F1"||Medium-sized bushes with a very large number of inflorescences||Dark red color, weighing 19-24 g, with excellent taste and good juiciness||Resistance to frost, heat and significant waterlogging of the soil||The hybrid form easily tolerates temperature changes|
|"Lyubava"||Spreading, medium-layered, well leafy, with a medium moisture content||Diamond-shaped, red with gloss, a neck is present. The average weight of not more than 18−20 g||Winter-hardy, with medium drought resistance and high heat resistance||Very early ripening, universal use|
|"First grader"||Powerful, upright, well leafy, with a lot of mustache||Properly rounded, obtuse, without a neck||Good winter hardiness and drought tolerance, resistance to pests and diseases||Best early continuous flowering grade for hanging baskets|
|Lizonka-F1||Ultra-mature and large-fruited, medium-tall hybrid||Dark red, dense, with a delicate and sweet taste, fragrant||High resistance to frost, disease and pests||Used as a balcony or ampel culture|
The best varieties for the middle strip and Moscow region
The most promising repairing varieties of garden strawberries intended for cultivation in home gardening of the Moscow Region have excellent winter hardiness and resistance to the most adverse weather factors.
|Grade name||Plant description||Berry characteristic||Sustainability||Features|
|Gigantella||Fast-growing and very powerful bushes with a large number of mustaches||Large, bright red with a luster, average weight 85−95 g||The variety is unpretentious and frost-resistant|
|Dutch variety with high yields, has positive reviews from gardeners|
|"Festival"||Tall, compact, with thick peduncles and sparsely inflorescences||Large, weighing 10−35 g, oval, with a short and wide neck, bright red||Diseases and pests are affected to a moderate degree||High yield, medium crop maturity|
|"Elvira"||Early ripe Dutch variety, forming strong and powerful bushes with a large number of straight-growing inflorescences||Rounded, large, sweet, weighing up to 55−65 g||Good resistance to many diseases||Used for cultivation in greenhouses and in open ground|
|"Taste of childhood" -F1||Bushes with a height of not more than 25-30 cm, with high growth force and flowering on uterine bushes and mustaches||Rounded, dense and tasty, with a diameter of 2-3 cm||Disease Resistance and Increased Productivity||Large-fruited and very productive hybrid form with high palatability|
|"Zenga-Zengana"||A tall, tall, compact plant with little mustache||Large, wide, conical with angularity, no neck, dark red, shiny||Diseases and pests are affected to a moderate degree||High yield, medium crop maturity|
Spring crop care
Small-fruited strawberry varieties and hybrids are not whimsical, and large-fruited garden strawberries require special care. When cultivating repairing varieties, attention should be paid to the following activities in the spring:
- the plant is demanding on watering, therefore, excessive drying of the soil should not be allowed;
- watering should be carried out in the evening or in the morning, using warm water for irrigation activities;
- in order to reduce soil moisture loss, mulching with peat or wood sawdust is used;
- for feeding, it is recommended to alternate herbal infusions with a solution of mullein or bird droppings.
After watering and rains, loosening of the soil is mandatory, which is advisable to accompany the removal of weeds. If necessary, the mustache is removed from the productive bushes.
The secrets of growing strawberries
Autumn care for wild strawberries
Standard care in the fall includes a number of activities that are aimed not only at maintaining the productivity of the berry culture, but also preparing the plant for winter. If the use of a mustache is supposed to propagate the remontant strawberries, then on several strong berry bushes, all flowers should be removed immediately after the collection of the first wave of the crop. Thus, powerful sockets suitable for planting are formed on the processes.