Advice

Description and characteristics of the Golden Jubilee peach variety, planting and care


Among summer fruits, aromatic peach is considered popular. This crop is recommended for cultivation in the southern regions. But scientists, with the help of selection, bred frost-resistant peaches, which include the Golden Jubilee variety, which needs proper, timely care, a warm location and attention. The variety has established itself as sufficiently resistant to low temperatures and is appreciated by gardeners for its stable yield and excellent taste.

Description and characteristics of the variety

Breeding work on the creation of an elite Golden Jubilee peach, characterized by resistance to different climates, large fruits of good taste, was carried out by American scientists by crossing the varieties Elbert and Greensboro in 1921.

The tree forms a spreading oval crown and is characterized by intensive growth, while its height reaches 4-5 meters. The plant is decorated with green, wide, lanceolate leaves with a slight yellowness. The bell-shaped flowers of a rich pink color, medium in size, attract attention.

Fruits are broadly oval in shape, large in size. The weight of one ripe peach ranges from 120-140 grams. The skin is of medium density, colored golden, with a characteristic pink or red blush, slightly pubescent. A small reddish-brown stone, with a pointed tip and a wrinkled-furrowed surface, is easily separated from a ripe peach.

The fibrous pulp has a bright orange hue, delicate texture, sweet and sour refined taste and unique aroma.

The Golden Jubilee peach variety begins to bear fruit in the third year after planting. Flowering occurs in April and lasts 10-12 days. Aromatic fruits are picked in the first days of August. The culture bears fruit for 10-15 years.

What are the pros and cons of peach Golden Jubilee

The description of the Golden Jubilee peach variety suggests the following advantages:

  • high yield, one tree can produce up to 50 kilograms of fruit;
  • early maturity, the ability to lay flower buds at one year of age and present with a crop already in the second year after planting;
  • excellent taste characteristics of fruits with a tasting score of 4.2 points out of 5 possible;
  • good resistance of the variety to diseases such as cloterosporia, powdery mildew;
  • the ability to adapt to different climatic conditions and adapt to sharp fluctuations in ambient temperature;
  • versatility in application; peach is good in fresh and canned form, it is used for the preparation of juices, drinks, in the production of confectionery.

The characteristics of the peach tree also include the disadvantages of the Golden Jubilee variety, among which it is noted:

  • tendency to shedding, ripe fruits will not last more than 3 days on a branch;
  • low rates of crop transportability and short shelf life;
  • average winter hardiness for the northern regions.

Nuances of planting a tree

In order for the peach tree to fully develop, and the harvest to please with its quantity and quality, it is necessary to plant the plant correctly, as well as carry out all the care measures. And in early August, enjoy the excellent taste of juicy, aromatic fruits.

Timing

A favorable period for planting seedlings of the Golden Jubilee variety is spring, autumn. Planting time depends on the climate conditions of the growing region. For the Middle Lane, early spring planting is recommended: the last days of April. During the season, the young tree will get stronger, accumulate strength to endure the harsh winter. In the southern regions, you can plant seedlings in the fall, but do this a month before the onset of the first frost.

Preparing the landing site

When choosing a place for planting Golden Jubilee peaches, preference should be given to well-lit sun and areas protected from the wind. When shading the wood, there will be poor formation of generative buds. This will lead to the formation of small and tasteless fruits. A good solution would be to give the peach tree the southwest or south side of the site.

The quality of the crop is determined by the soil on which the fruit trees grow, so it must be fertile. Loose, sandy loam or loamy soils with a high degree of aeration are considered the best alternative.

Before planting, dig up the area where the seedling will be planted. This will help saturate the soil with oxygen and remove various weeds and their roots.

Planting seedlings

For successful cultivation, you need to competently complete the planting process, which consists in carrying out the following stages:

  1. Dig planting holes. The volume of the grooves should correspond to the size of the root system of the seedlings.
  2. Form a mound of fertile soil with a complex of fertilizers containing both organic and mineral substances.
  3. Install pegs up to 1 meter high in the center of the pit.
  4. Place the seedlings in the holes, on earthen elevations, straightening the roots, and cover them with soil substrate, deepening the grafting site by 5-10 centimeters.
  5. Thoroughly tamp the landing site, moving from the outer edge of the trunk circle to the base of the trunk.
  6. Fix the plants to a peg and water at the rate of two buckets of water for each planting unit.
  7. Mulch the soil around the seedlings, 6-8 centimeters thick, using humus, compost or sawdust.

The peach variety Golden Jubilee, planted in the garden, will bring a lot of gifts: bliss for taste receptors, clean air for the lungs, joy to the eyes.

Subtleties of crop care

The health of a peach tree, its growth, development and fruiting depend on the efforts spent by gardeners on important agricultural techniques. Proper care can increase yield indicators, extend the life span, give a beautiful appearance to the garden, and prevent the development of diseases.

Watering

To get a good harvest of peaches, you need to surround the fruit tree with care, which consists in carrying out such an important event as observing the conditions for soil moisture.

The soil should be moistened moderately based on weather factors, soil type and plant age. On average, you need 40-50 liters once a week. The soil should dry out between waterings.

Top dressing

It is important to provide the Golden Jubilee peach with nutrients. The first fertilization should be carried out three years after planting, using organic matter and minerals, depending on the season. To increase the winter hardiness of the peach, stimulate the ripening of wood, apply fertilizers based on phosphorus and potassium in the fall.

Pruning

The Golden Jubilee peach should be pruned regularly. The procedure will regulate crop yield, sugar content and fruit size, as well as facilitate access to trees when picking fruit.

Formation is carried out throughout the season:

  • in the spring, freeing from dry, broken, twisted shoots;
  • in the middle of summer, for the purpose of sanitary cleaning, removing diseased branches;
  • in the autumn, forming a crown and removing crop-damaged shoots.

Preparing the tree for winter

Although the peach tree shows high adaptive characteristics, withstanding temperatures up to 25 degrees below zero, it also needs a reliable shelter for the winter, since it may not withstand the harsh conditions of the Middle Lane. You can protect the culture from freezing in winter by covering it with special materials that allow moisture and air to pass through, thereby providing a normal microclimate.

With the onset of spring, the root system of the plant wakes up before the buds, which is why there is a threat of freezing during spring frosts. Therefore, in the fall, she needs mulch cover.

Pests, diseases and prevention

The Golden Jubilee peach variety has good resistance to various fungal diseases. Leaf curl remains dangerous for the culture. Both young and fruiting plants can get sick. In spring, swellings form on the leaves, and gum flow begins on the shoots. In the future, the swellings acquire a reddish-brown color, and a waxy coating forms on them. The leaves dry and fall off, and the branches turn yellow and bend.

A proven method using Bordeaux liquid or copper sulfate will help to cope with the problem.

Also, the culture can be chosen by pests: aphids, moths, weevils, fruit moths. It is necessary to spray trees with special preparations long before harvesting, observing the dosage recommended by the manufacturer in the manufacture of funds.

Important! Competent care and compliance with sanitary standards will reduce the likelihood of the appearance and development of parasites.

When to harvest and how to store the crop?

In the southern latitudes, the Golden Jubilee peach variety is harvested in early August, and in the middle regions much later, depending on the weather. If the summer is cool and rainy, then the fruits will ripen in the middle or at the end of the month.

It is not recommended to overexpose fruits on trees. Ripe peaches must be removed immediately, as the variety tends to shatter the fruit. The harvest can lie up to 8 days, and if it is harvested a week earlier, then up to 20 days.

The key to successful peach cultivation: the right variety selection, which ensures stable yields. Therefore, for gardeners who trust in quality, the Golden Jubilee peach remains one of the favorite varieties. After all, its positive characteristics and varietal characteristics are able to satisfy all the requirements of modern gardening.


Watch the video: Growing A Peach Tree (November 2021).