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The best cabbage varieties for 2021 for different regions and conditions

The best cabbage varieties for 2021 for different regions and conditions


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Cabbage is grown in Russia as a common type of vegetables. Consider the list of the best varieties of cabbage for 2021 in terms of maturation, for growing in greenhouses, for regions of the country, for long-term storage and processing: pickling and pickling. And also what varieties of other types of cabbage can be grown in home beds.

Best open field cabbage for 2021

All varieties are divided into groups according to the ripening period, this division allows you to collect heads of cabbage during the season. Early products are used for eating, cooking and marketing, while late products are used for storage. If the area of ​​the beds is large, there is room in the garden for varieties from any group.

Early

June has the following characteristics:

  • rounded heads of cabbage, the weight of which reaches 0.9-2.4 kg, the density is estimated at 4.0 points;
  • stump of moderate length;
  • good taste;
  • from 1 sq. m can be collected at 3.6-6.4 kg;
  • 97% of production is considered to be commercial.

How early cabbage is not stored for long.

Benefits of Nozomi:

  • round head of cabbage, yellow in the cut;
  • short stump;
  • weight - 1.3 kg, density is estimated at 4.5 points;
  • yield 3-3.2 kg;
  • output of products of a marketable type - 90%.

Among the disadvantages can be called short storage.

Mid-season

Cabbage Slava Gribovskaya has advantages:

  • round, dense (4.3 points) head of cabbage weighing 2.2-4.5 kg;
  • stump of moderate size;
  • yield at the level of 6.5-8.9 kg;
  • commercial products within 91-97%.

Disadvantage of the variety: large heads of cabbage, which are inconvenient to store.

Cabbage Nadezhda can be grown for commercial consumption and for pickling, dignity:

  • average size and density;
  • weight - 2.4-3.4 kg;
  • stump is not long;
  • yield - 6.9-11.1 kg per sq. m.

Cons of the variety: affected by rot.

Late

The main advantage of late varieties is the ability to be stored for a long time.

In addition to this plus, the Aggressor variety has the following advantages:

  • short stump;
  • the mass of cabbage is 2.5-3 kg;
  • yield - within 4.3-6.5;
  • marketable harvest by 92-96%;
  • resistance to fusarium.

Cons of the variety: tough, dense leaves.

The Amager variety has the following advantages:

  • average weight 2.6-3.6 kg;
  • transportability;
  • keeping quality;
  • the taste improves during storage;
  • yield - 3.5-6 kg;
  • resistance to cracking.

Disadvantages: density of the head of cabbage, susceptibility to bacteriosis and fusarium.

Greenhouse varieties

Cabbage can also be grown in greenhouse conditions. The main condition is that the plants must be early ripening, resistant to diseases.

Advantages of the Legat variety:

  • short stump;
  • cabbage weighing 0.9-1 kg;
  • leaf density - 4 points;
  • great taste;
  • yield - 1.9-2.3 kg;
  • 89% of the harvest has a marketable condition.

Disadvantages: with insufficient care, it is affected by pests.

The golden hectare has the following advantages:

  • small stump;
  • head of cabbage - 1.6-3.3 kg;
  • high yield - 5-8 kg;
  • product yield - 90-99%.

May only be grown for fresh consumption.

The best varieties of different types

In addition to the traditional white cabbage, other types of cabbage are also grown. Consider varieties of cauliflower, Savoy, Brussels sprouts that can be planted in garden beds in private household plots.

Color

The Fargo variety has the following advantages:

  • whitish yellow color;
  • dense large head;
  • great taste;
  • evenness.

Can only be grown in private plots.

Stargate variety has the following characteristics:

  • early maturity;
  • medium-sized head;
  • high yield - 6.9 kg per sq. m.

Recommended for cultivation in summer, intended for fresh consumption.

Broccoli

Surfing Cabbage is intended for home cooking.

Advantages:

  • early maturity;
  • average plant height;
  • medium head, up to 1 kg;
  • excellent taste;
  • harvesting - 3.7 kg per sq. m.

Can only be grown in private household plots.

Belstar, a late-ripening variety, has the following advantages:

  • medium-sized plant;
  • round head of moderate size - up to 1 kg;
  • the taste is good;
  • yield - 4 kg per meter.

It is recommended to be planted in garden beds in private households.

Brussels

Pros of the Commander cabbage:

  • can be used for freezing, cooking, fresh;
  • rounded heads of cabbage, of moderate size, green;
  • 20-40 pcs are formed on 1 plant. weighing 0.45-0.55 kg;
  • from sq. m, you can collect 1.8 kg.

Recommended for growing on private farms.

Rosella is designed to be processed and eaten fresh. Advantages:

  • heads of cabbage of medium size, green color, weighing 13 g each;
  • harvest - 1.1-1.7 per sq. m;
  • friendly formation of heads.

Cons: The body and taste are satisfactory.

Savoy

Melissa has advantages:

  • can be grown in private household plots and on farm fields;
  • withstands storage for 4-5 months;
  • medium-sized head of cabbage;
  • excellent taste;
  • resistance to cracking, fusarium.

Cons: average yield.

Early golden cabbage, besides early maturity, has the following characteristics:

  • medium-sized head of cabbage and stump;
  • does not crack;
  • outstanding yield - 2.8-3.2 kg per sq. m.

Forms small heads - 0.7-0.8 kg each.

Influence of the region on the choice

Any cabbage grows better in those regions in which it is zoned. This is facilitated by the climate, soil type, weather conditions. Regional selection is a criterion that must always be considered.

For central Russia

The variety of white cabbage Kazachok is early ripe, has the following advantages:

  • a head of cabbage weighing 0.8-1.2 kg;
  • the leg is not long;
  • simultaneous ripening;
  • good density;
  • harvest from each square. m - 3.1-4.6 kg each;
  • does not get sick with black leg, bacteriosis, keel.

Strongly affected by pests.

According to its characteristics, the Rind variety can also be attributed to the best:

  • universal application;
  • mid-ripeness;
  • heads of cabbage of moderate size;
  • ripe heads have excellent taste;
  • from a meter of beds you can get 9 kg.

Not intended for winter storage.

For Siberia, the Urals and the Altai Territory

An important quality for varieties that will be grown in cold and unstable climates is frost resistance, the ability to withstand the effects of often unfavorable weather.

Advantages of the Sibiryachka 60 variety:

  • can be consumed fresh and fermented;
  • moderate density and size of the head;
  • high yield - 3.4-8.5 kg;
  • when harvested, more than 89-96% of the crop turns out to be marketable.

Not stored until spring.

Tequila is a mid-season cabbage that has the following advantages:

  • short leg;
  • weight - 2.3-3 kg;
  • delicious;
  • per square meter, 5.2-6.3 kg is obtained;
  • 94% of the products are commercial;
  • resistant to fusarium, keel, wilting.

Can crack, stored for a short time.

For warm regions and the Moscow region

There are many varieties that, due to their versatility, can be grown in all regions.

The Flash Cabbage has the following advantages:

  • short leg;
  • weight - 1-1.3 kg;
  • very dense;
  • gives from a meter of beds to 2.9-3.3 kg;
  • fruit marketability - 89%.

Disadvantages include susceptibility to disease.

The late Potomac variety is used for cultivation in private household plots, it is known for the fact that it has:

  • short leg;
  • great taste;
  • standard yield;
  • high percentage of commodity output.

Cons: not recommended for storage.

The Centurion variety also has properties that are attractive to gardeners:

  • long shelf life;
  • weight - 1.7-2.5 kg;
  • excellent taste;
  • maximum yield - 6.5 kg.

Cons: the output of commodity heads is low.

Selection of varieties for pickling and pickling

For fermentation, you need to choose certain cabbage varieties. For the product to be tasty and crispy, aromatic, cabbage leaves must contain a lot of vitamins, mineral components and especially sugars. Density also matters. Leaves of early cabbage are thin, tender, with a mild taste. They are used in salads, but the varieties are not intended for conservation and salting.

Late-ripening and mid-ripening varieties were always chosen for salting and pickling. They contain nutrients in the required concentration, and the leaves are dense enough to remain firm and crunchy. At the same time, the leaves are juicy, which ensures the optimal taste of the finished product.

Winter cabbage can be stored for 6 months, which is also considered a great advantage, because it can be fermented during the winter, when fresh food is in short supply.

Heads of Cabbage:

  • contain sugar - 4.7-6.2%;
  • medium-dense and juicy,
  • large - 2.6-4.4 kg each;

Of the shortcomings can be called a thick stump.

Amager is known and popular for its qualities:

  • high density;
  • improvement of taste during the saving period;
  • does not crack;
  • transportable.

During storage, it is affected by necrosis and gray mold.

Choosing the best cabbage for home gardens is not easy, especially since there is a great variety of varieties. From what breeders provide, every gardener, regardless of growing experience, can choose a variety. You need to look at the destination for the region, climatic conditions. They focus on yield, head size, storage capacity, transportability.


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