It is difficult to find a person who would not like to eat pepper or dishes made from this vegetable. That is why growing peppers in a greenhouse is a fairly common practice among many vegetable growers. Even a person who has not previously done this can plant pepper. However, before that, you need to study in more detail how to grow bell peppers in a greenhouse. After all, not everyone knows the peculiarities of growing pepper in a greenhouse.
Growing bell peppers in a greenhouse should start with planting seeds. It is necessary to plant peppers at the end of winter, so that after three months you can start planting in the ground.
Before growing peppers in a greenhouse, you need to start preparing the planting material. Growing peppers in a greenhouse can only be done with quality seeds. To select high-quality seeds, you need to check them for germination. To do this, all the seeds are wrapped in gauze and placed in a container with water and salt. In this case, the temperature of the liquid used must be at least 25 degrees. Within 10-15 minutes, all rejected seeds will begin to rise to the surface.
Also, before planting pepper, you need to disinfect the seed. For this, a weak solution prepared from potassium permanganate is used. The seeds must be kept in it at a temperature of 20 degrees. The procedure lasts no more than half an hour, after which all the seeds are washed and dried.
To improve yields and accelerate the growth of seedlings, before planting peppers in a polycarbonate greenhouse, the planting material should be treated with nutrient solutions. To do this, we will use a mixture prepared from a liter of boiling water and 20 g of nettle. The seeds must be kept in this solution for 20-30 minutes.
You should definitely decide on what kind of soil you need to use when growing young seedlings. After all, it depends on the soil whether it will be possible to get a good harvest in the future.
The planted shrub will grow much better in light, loose soil with a porous structure. Such soil improves the flow of moisture and air. In addition, it should have a sufficient amount of iron, nitrogen, zinc, copper and phosphorus. You also need to choose a soil with neutral acidity, which should be about 5-6 pH.
Before planting seeds, a special soil mixture must be prepared for the pepper. During its preparation, part of the soil is mixed with the same amount of sand and peat. Then the prepared mixture is poured with a nutrient solution of potassium and superphosphate.
You can prepare a soil mixture from other components. Such vegetables love humus, so you can add a little humus mixed with ash to the planting soil. Also, some gardeners add 300 g of peat to it.
Choice of capacity
The cultivation of sweet peppers in a greenhouse before transplanting into the ground should be carried out in special containers. Almost all deep containers are suitable for this. Many growers grow seedlings in their favorite flower pot. Peat pots are also used, which can be purchased at any suburban store.
Boxes that are too low should not be used, as this negatively affects the growth rate of seedlings.
The agrotechnology of growing peppers in a greenhouse and planting seeds is quite simple. First, you need to fill the planting containers with the soil mixture prepared earlier. After that, in each pot it is necessary to make several small holes, the distance between which should be 2-3 cm.
When all the seeds are planted, the pots should be covered, as they should be under the covering material for the first few days. Some gardeners cover containers with polyethylene films.
Before growing seedlings, you should decide what temperature is kept indoors. During the cultivation of seedlings, it is necessary to observe the temperature regime. The temperature in the building should not drop below 25 degrees.
Planting peppers in a polycarbonate greenhouse is carried out at the very end of spring, when young seedlings have time to get stronger.
Planting pepper seedlings in the greenhouse should be carried out in prepared soil. Sweet peppers must be planted in soil that contains the following ingredients:
- Leafy land. This soil is ideal for planting vegetables.
- Baking powder. Pepper seedlings should be planted in the ground with a considerable amount of river sand, which is an excellent baking powder.
- Peat. With its help, the soil will become more porous and will absorb moisture better.
It is also recommended to mulch the ground before planting. Grass mulching is carried out in order to slow down the growth of weeds and the evaporation of moisture from the soil. Any vegetable grower can mulch the earth. For this, a special mulch is being prepared, which will cover the surface of the earth. This process is carried out in several stages.
First, I mulch the ground with grass, after which I fill the area with warm water. A small layer of twigs can be placed on top of the mulched soil for better protection.
Having prepared the soil, you should familiarize yourself with how to plant pepper seedlings in a greenhouse.
Planting peppers in a greenhouse is pretty simple. First you need to figure out at what distance you need to plant peppers in a greenhouse. They are planted at a distance of about 60 cm so that the bushes are not shaded. Their depth is made such that when planting, the root collar is at the same level with the ground.
When all the holes are created, you can plant the peppers in the greenhouse. First you need to get them out of the pots. This must be done very carefully so as not to accidentally damage the roots. All bushes are planted in a hole, after which they should be covered with soil in half and filled with heated water. The rest of the well is filled up after the liquid is completely absorbed.
To get large fruits, you need to familiarize yourself with how to care for peppers in a greenhouse.
Caring for him consists in regularly watering young bushes, as pepper loves moisture. It is recommended to moisten the soil no more than twice a week. At the same time, about 10 liters of water should be consumed for each square meter. If bell pepper is poorly looked after in the greenhouse and watered less often, then it can get sick with gray rot.
During flowering, sweet peppers need to be looked after more carefully. During this period, during irrigation, it is better to use warm water heated to 20-25 degrees. Cold liquid can negatively affect the growth of the bushes and the quantity of the crop.
Greenhouse plants require pollination to form fruit. Pollination is a mandatory procedure that makes the plant reproductive and allows it to use its resources not only for growth, but also for the formation of fruits. If the bushes are not pollinated, then in the future they will not begin to bear fruit. Therefore, care must be taken to ensure that all bushes are pollinated.
Plants are pollinated in several main ways. Many vegetable growers use various insects for this. The most common pollinators are bumblebees.
During the period of the appearance of the first flowers, it is recommended to place them in a greenhouse and leave there for several days. This will be enough to pollinate the seedlings.
Also, large peppers in a polycarbonate greenhouse are pollinated by hand. Such pollination is carried out using an ordinary electric brush. To do this, turn it on and hold it over the inflorescence for several seconds. It is recommended to carry out this procedure in the morning 2-4 times a week.
Pepper care also includes tying young bushes. Quite often, they break due to the load from the fruit, and in order to solve this problem, you should learn how to tie bushes in a greenhouse. Many people use small supports made of metal or wood for garters. They are installed near each bush at a short distance from them.
Tie the stems to the supports very carefully so as not to accidentally transfer the plant. It is recommended to use a soft cloth for this, which would not harm the stems.
Caring for sweet peppers must be accompanied by regular feeding. After planting in a greenhouse, the bushes need organic matter. Therefore, at the time of flowering, the site is fed with fertilizers made from urea and slurry. Some vegetable growers add 100 grams of nitrophoska to the top dressing.
The next time, fertilizers are added after the fruit has formed. During this period, bird droppings, diluted in a bucket of cold water, are placed in the ground. Then feeding is carried out every 10-15 days.
Planting peppers in a greenhouse and caring for peppers is not a very difficult job. To devote your free time to the cultivation of this vegetable, it is recommended that you watch the video, which will describe in detail the cultivation and care of peppers in the greenhouse from planting to harvest.