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Description of the Galich eggplant variety, its characteristics and yield

Description of the Galich eggplant variety, its characteristics and yield


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The medium-early maturing eggplant of the Galich variety is characterized by a very high yield. This is one of the most heat-demanding crops of all vegetables grown in the regions of our country. Eggplant seedlings before planting in open ground should have a height of 15-20 cm, the roots of potted seedlings are strong, they are not damaged during transplantation and quickly take root. Fruits are harvested without waiting for the onset of biological maturity.

Galich - description and characteristics of the variety

Brief characteristics and description of the Galich eggplant variety:

  • The fruits ripen on the 112-140th day.
  • The plant is compact, undersized, the height of the bush is up to 70 centimeters.
  • The fruit is dark purple with gloss, up to black, cylindrical, sometimes pear-shaped.
  • Pulp without voids and bitterness.

Main advantages and disadvantages

Advantages:

  • Very productive, up to 9 kilograms per plant.
  • Fruiting is stable.
  • Perfectly transported.

Disadvantages:

  • The plant is demanding on temperature and water conditions, especially in the state of seedlings.
  • The bush requires shaping.

Growing rules

The main reason for the depressed state of the eggplant seedlings of the Galich variety is the low temperature of the air and soil.

If there is a greenhouse or greenhouse with reliable heating, you should start growing seedlings on February 10-15.

When to plant

In mid-March, sow some of the seeds in seedling boxes, keep them in a well-lit place, keeping the soil temperature at least 15-30 degrees. Sow not thickly so that the seedlings do not stretch:

  • After 15-20 days, these seedlings should be cut out in a pot, greenhouses or in beds. The main condition for this: the soil temperature should be at least 25-28 degrees.
  • Most often, failures in growing eggplant seedlings are mainly related to the temperature regime. Do not sow seeds in cold soil.

Potted seedlings - a guarantee of a high yield

It is known that eggplant seedlings tolerate transplanting very poorly, restoring the root system for 15-20 days:

  1. It is recommended to establish the cultivation of potted eggplant seedlings of the Galich variety.
  2. Leave one plant in the pots.
  3. In May, when hot weather sets in, you need to install it in a film greenhouse or under film shelters on arcs. In 15-20 days from high temperature, timely watering (water every day!) And fertilization, the seedlings will reach condition by the time of planting. It is not too late to land it on May 25.
  4. Carefully planted in the soil, without disturbing the roots, it will overtake in development and yield the one that was tormented in the cold for two months.

Sowing seeds and caring for seedlings

If the seedlings will be grown in a room on the windowsill, then this work should begin no earlier than March 20-25. First you need to sow the seeds in a small box or pot filled with potting soil:

  1. The first version of the mixture is humus, garden soil, peat in a ratio of 3: 2: 1. Wood ash can be added at the rate of 1-2 cups per 10 m
  2. The second option is humus, turf (1: 1).

Selecting and preparing a landing site

Of course, in a room it is difficult to exactly maintain the specified temperature, but you need to strive for this, otherwise you will not get good seedlings.

If the seeds are good and the temperature has been maintained, the seedlings will appear in 10-12 days, or even earlier. Their absence after the specified period means that they did something wrong and should either raise the temperature or do a reseeding.

Picking

With the appearance of 1-2 true leaves, the seedlings should be cut (planted) in pots filled with the same soil mixture in which the seedlings were grown.

The crops are watered after 2-3 days with warm water through a strainer, and when they collect 3-4 real leaves - every day, preferably in the morning.

Growing seedlings in eggshell

Try growing potted eggplant seedlings. Cells are made in low boxes of cardboard with a height of 10-15 cm and measuring only 5 x 5, or even 4 x 4 cm.

Take the eggshells and make a hole for drainage at the bottom.

Fill them with fertile soil and sow two seeds in each. There is no need to rush with the sowing date - they do it in mid-April, or even after the 20th.

The main condition for this is that the temperature of the soil in the place of cultivation should be 25-28 ° C.

We'll have to water these peculiar cassettes every other day and feed them with nitrogen fertilizers once a week, giving two tablespoons of urea, carbamide or ammonium nitrate to a bucket of water.

Care features

With the onset of stable warm weather, boxes with seedlings must be taken out to a balcony, loggia or placed under a film shelter on arcs in a courtyard or garden plot.

But at night they should again be brought to a warm place or provide a safe shelter.

Eggplant seedlings in open ground should be planted in two rows. From one plant.

Watering rules

Watering is especially important during hot days. Eggplants do not feel very good in hot summer:

  1. In hot dry weather, they should be watered every two days.
  2. Make grooves between the rows, cover them with straw or sawdust.
  3. You need to mulch not only the grooves, but also the ground around the bushes. This allows moisture to be retained longer and eliminates the need to constantly loosen the soil to prevent crust formation.
  4. Mulching also prevents overheating of the soil. From overheating in the area of ​​ u200b u200bthe roots, the plant can shed not only flowers, but also leaves.
  5. Watering directly into the furrows is good because the water does not spread, less time and effort is spent on watering each plant separately.

How to fertilize

Seedlings are fed after 8-10 days with a solution of slurry (1:10), poultry droppings (1:15) or mineral fertilizers, mainly with a mixture of urea, superphosphate, potassium sulfate taken in equal proportions (potassium can be replaced with ash, but you need to take it three times more than nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers).

Loosening and weeding

These agrotechnical techniques must be carried out systematically when growing the Galich variety.

Arrangement of furrows and regular loosening stimulates the formation of new additional roots. The roots begin to grow in the direction where the water and feeding comes from.

Bush formation

Formation means removing unnecessary stepsons from the bush. Cut off all stepchildren that are formed below the first fork. While the seedlings are small, growth occurs in one stem, but, growing up, the stem branches into two shoots.

Until the fork in the stem appears, it is necessary to remove all stepsons in the axillary zone of the leaf in stages during the growth of the plant.

This technique will help to reduce the load in the early stages of the growth of the bush, and will enable the plant to grow actively. By the time of flowering, the bushes will be completely stronger.

The eggplants should continue to grow freely without further shaping. But at the same time, if stepchildren suddenly appear below the fork or from the ground, they must be removed in order to maintain the formation.

Diseases and pests: methods of dealing with them

After the first fruits of the eggplants are tied, you need to remove all the lower leaves below the fork. Especially those that touch the ground. One or two leaves should be removed every 7 days as the bush grows.

This technique improves ventilation in the garden, and the removal of the lower leaves excludes infection with fungal diseases and pests.

Harvesting and storage of crops

The easiest way to protect fruits and plants from destruction as a result of low temperatures in early and mid-autumn is to cover them with agrofibre.

When the daytime temperature drops to 9 ° C, eggplants of the Galich variety lose their ability to ripen.

Fruits of various shapes are stored separately from each other. They are regularly sorted out, selecting overripe and spoiled specimens.

In room conditions, eggplants dry out quickly, it is better to store in a cellar.

In no case should these fruits be stored in the light, because the poisonous substance solanine accumulates in them. Solanine is an alkaloid, in addition, it impairs the taste of the finished product.

Self-grown eggplants do not contain pesticides and are distinguished by high taste.


Watch the video: How to Grow Flavorful Eggplant (October 2022).