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Gardeners plant garlic either in the spring for a late summer harvest, or for the winter. In this case, the heads of garlic ripen earlier and grow to a large size. Dobrynya garlic belongs to the varieties that are most often planted for the winter. We will figure out how the variety attracts gardeners and how to plant, care for, collect and store the heads correctly.
Description of the variety Dobrynya
Dobrynya is a late-ripening variety of garlic. Harvesting is carried out 130 days after spring shoots. Resistant to cold weather conditions, which is why it is so popular in the Russian Federation. A variety is also planted abroad and a high-quality harvest is obtained. The plants are vigorous, with leaves reaching a height of 55 centimeters. The tops are characterized by a rich green color with a white bloom on the feathers. The leaf width reaches 2.5 centimeters.
The variety is propagated by seeds, cloves and bulbs. When cultivated on personal plots, the variety gives a high yield - up to 2.5 kilograms per 1 square meter.
A head of garlic weighs 65 grams, and from 9 to 13 cloves are formed. The upper scales are light gray, almost white. The shell of the cloves in the bulb is purple. Peeled chives are almost white and creamy. Sweet garlic taste with medium spiciness. The fruit consists of 41% dry matter, vitamin C in 100 grams of a vegetable contains up to 9 milligrams, sugar 23.5% of the total weight and 7.1% sulfur-containing substances.
Positive qualities and application
Due to its positive qualities, the variety is grown not only on personal plots, but also on large farms, and gives an excellent result. Advantages:
- High productivity.
- Resistant to frost.
- Fusarium resistance.
- Quality harvest.
- Great garlic taste and aroma.
There is only one drawback - the variety dries up and decays during long-term storage, therefore, when stored for more than 4 months, 20% of the crop is lost.
The use of the described variety of Dobrynya garlic among Russian housewives is extensive. This is an excellent seasoning for meat and fish dishes, the cloves are added to marinades to give a special taste to cucumbers, tomatoes, mushrooms and salads. It is used as an addition to the first and second courses. Garlic is also used in folk medicine to treat colds and the common cold.
Agricultural technology of cultivating varieties
Garlic is intended for outdoor cultivation. In order to end up with a rich harvest, you need to plant it correctly and take care of the plantings.
As a rule, winter garlic is not picky culture and grows even on dehydrated unfertilized soils. But gardeners choose a place for planting after strawberries or strawberries, tomatoes and potatoes. Because this vegetable, during growth, restores the mineral balance of the soil due to the high sulfur content in the fruits.
A sunny place for planting is chosen, because the plant needs at least two hours of exposure to the sun for good fruit ripening. Also, for better growth, the soil is fertilized with superphosphate and potassium fertilizer before planting. After fertilization and digging, the beds are allowed to rest for two weeks.
Preparation of material for planting
The teeth intended for planting are carefully examined for rot and damage in the form of dark dots. Such fruits are unsuitable for cultivation. The bottom should be smooth and light, without dark blotches. The size of the cloves should be taken into account, the larger they are, the more the head will grow in the future. The heads are divided into teeth immediately before planting so that the planting material does not have time to dry out and deteriorate.
Planting material in the soil
For planting winter garlic in the beds, rows are formed at a distance of 20-25 centimeters from each other. A distance of 10-15 centimeters is left between the plants. The planting depth is chosen at 5 centimeters so that at least 3 centimeters of soil remain above the cloves. If you plant garlic higher, in winter it can freeze and disappear.... They plant the teeth with the bottom down, then sprinkle with soil and mulch with straw, sawdust or spruce paws.
Garlic plants are undemanding to care for. The characteristic of caring for garlic is such that in order to get a good harvest, you just need to water, loosen, weed the soil.
Watering is carried out several times a week. In dry weather, once every two days. Top dressing is carried out before the onset of ripening of the bulbs. Otherwise, the taste of the garlic will deteriorate. The first feeding is carried out two weeks after the germination of the cloves. 10 grams of ammonium nitrate is applied per square meter of beds with plantings. A month later, the beds are fed again with a solution of nitroammofoska, 40 grams of fertilizer are added to a 10 liter bucket of water. The last time the plants are fertilized in mid-June - they are fed with superphosphate, 40 grams are dissolved in 10 liters of water.
Harvesting and storage
It's easy to find out when it's time to harvest the garlic - the heads are ripe and ready for harvest, when the leaves turn yellow and lie on the garden bed, and the scales have become dense. With these indicators, you need to immediately start harvesting, otherwise the shell will crack and the heads will disintegrate into cloves. This garlic cannot be stored.
The heads, together with the tops, are taken out of the ground and placed on the garden bed to dry, provided that the weather is dry and sunny. If it is raining outside, it means that the crop must be hidden for drying under a canopy or indoors. The garlic dries for about two weeks, after which the heads are cleaned and, depending on the storage method, the tops are cut off completely or partially.
For storage, whole heads are taken without signs of decay; there should be no dark spots on the surface. The husk is light beige. Such heads will remain until spring.
For garlic to be stored for a long time, it must be properly prepared for wintering. People choose different storage methods.
- Some braid their heads in braids and hang them on the walls in the house, so it is easy to observe the harvest all winter. He is in front of the hostess.
- Others sprinkle the fruits with salt or cereals and close them in jars.
- Still others put the heads in a box and lay them in layers of straw. This garlic is stored in the cellar.
Whichever method of storage you choose, the stored crop must be monitored. If one head decays, and the rest of the crop lies nearby, then all the garlic heads may disappear. When stored, diseased fruits are removed.
For many years of growing experience, the Dobrynya garlic variety has received positive reviews for its taste, ease of growing and caring for plants. Even an inexperienced gardener with only superficial knowledge of caring for this crop can grow these fruits.