Characteristics and description of the Tellissaare apple variety, fruiting times and disease resistance

Characteristics and description of the Tellissaare apple variety, fruiting times and disease resistance

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Description of the variety

Tellisaare fruits reach a mass from 100 to 140 g. Their shape is round, slightly flattened, asymmetric. The dense greenish-white flesh is hidden behind a dense glossy lemon-colored skin with ruddy spots and reddish stripes covering part of the apple. Orange marks resembling rust, bumps and spots are not a disease, but a feature of the variety. Large light spots under the skin evenly cover the entire area of ​​the fruit.

From the description of the apple tree given by gardeners from the Baltics, Leningrad and Pskov regions, Kaliningrad, it follows that the variety:

  • high productivity;
  • fruiting is variable, after a year;
  • the first crop can be harvested 5 years after planting.

Despite the fact that this apple tree has been familiar to the Baltic people for a very long time, information about this variety is rather scarce. There are some discrepancies in the descriptions. This concerns the length and thickness of the stalk, the average weight of apples, stable or variable fruiting. Obviously, it depends on the climatic conditions of the Tellisaare apple tree growing area.

Apple tree characteristics

The apple tree was first described as a cultivated variety a little over half a century ago by J. Tellisaare, after whom it was named. It is difficult to say when the variety was actually bred. Judging by the stories of Estonian amateur gardeners, more than a century ago, apples of this variety were already growing on the shores of the lake of the same name.

The history of the origin of the cultivated plant went from an unknown seedling, possibly a wild game. Deliberate selection of a tree with a dense crown, which has a rounded shape, can be traced back to the 1960s. At the beginning of the second half of the 20th century, the apple tree was widespread only in the Baltic republics. Having appreciated the high palatability of medium-sized fruits, long shelf life and high yields, agronomists in many regions decided in favor of orchards with Tellissaare.

These apples have not taken root in all regions. The temperate climate of central Russia and the Baltic states is optimal conditions for an unpretentious, late flowering plant. This is the pros and cons of the variety:

  • late flowering practically eliminates the possibility of barren flowers caused by night frosts;
  • ripening of fruits by the end of September increases the shelf life;
  • constant bountiful harvests will shorten the life of the tree;
  • the resistance to frost in the apple tree is average, in a harsh winter it can die;
  • fungal infections, Tellisaare scab are not terrible.

Fruiting of a medium-sized apple tree is stable due to the low growth of branches. Fruit buds are located on the ringlets - this is a feature of the variety. The tasting evaluation shows that the taste of the table apple is sweet and sour, and the aroma is pleasant and pronounced.

The biggest disadvantage of Tellissaare growing in the Northwest regions is its low frost resistance.

The timing of flowering and ripening of fruits

The Tellisaare apple tree blooms in late May and early June. The fruits ripen by mid-September, but reach consumer maturity only by the end of October.

Apples have good keeping properties. When stored in a cool room, the crop will not lose its presentation until February. If you store the fruits wrapped in paper or in a box of sand (in the cellar), then you can feast on them until June.

Diseases and pests

The defeat of the trunk by lichens, mosses occurs due to non-observance of the gap between the seedlings, which, when the crowns grow, creates shading. Diseases affecting apple trees planted in areas near overflowing rivers and in swampy areas:

  • Cladonia;
  • Hypogymnia;
  • Parmelia;
  • Dicranum;
  • Mnium

Considering the neat crown of the Tellisaare apple tree, these diseases, if properly prevented - whitewashing the trunk, are more likely to threaten branches hidden by dense foliage.

Diseases caused by bacteria and viruses can affect immature seedlings with the wrong choice of planting material:

  • Tobacco necrosis virus is expressed in the pigmentation of a part of the leaf - the loss of chlorophyll.
  • Pseudomonas syringae van Hall manifests itself in bark cracking.
  • Apple proliferation, Apple witch’s broom - buds that have not blossomed asleep in spring give a bunch of thin shoots.

All of the above diseases of adult trees are treated or stopped if the problem is noticed in time and appropriate measures are taken. It is practically impossible to save first-year seedlings due to the transience of viral and genetic diseases.

Powdery mildew, leaf damage with "rusty" spots, leaf curling do not threaten Tellissaare fruit trees, because they are caused by fungi, to which the Estonian variety has increased immunity.

Watch the video: Integrated Nutritional Management for Quality and Bitter Pit Resistance in Pome Fruit Production (December 2022).