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Pear is a juicy fruit infused with the southern sun. A few years ago, residents of Central Russia and the northern regions could only dream of growing it in their own garden. Thanks to climate change and the work of breeders, varieties have appeared that can withstand snowy frosty winters and not too warm and long summers. And today we will talk about the best varieties of pears for the Leningrad Region.
Features of the region
The Leningrad Region is characterized by a short, cool summer. In spring, there are not too many warm days, the snow cover melts late, autumn is rainy and long, snowy and cold winters. The region is characterized by acidic soils with a small amount of fertile layer. Nature has done everything to make this area unfavorable for the cultivation of pear trees.
To get a harvest, varieties suitable for a given region must be unpretentious, frost-hardy, early ripening, so that the fruits have time to ripen, and the trees can withstand the cold and have a strong immunity to infections. Therefore, even varieties of pears with a mediocre taste, capable of growing in such harsh conditions, were popular with local gardeners.
The best varieties of pears for the Leningrad region
Pear tree seedlings should be purchased from reputable retailers or nurseries. Then they will correspond to the declared characteristics of the variety.
Trees with a powerful trunk and dense crown. The variety is familiar to the North-West of Russia, it is grown in the Urals. Today gardeners prefer other types of pears with better flavor.
resistance to fungal infections;
ability to withstand cold;
mediocre taste characteristics;
If the harvest is not harvested on time, the ripe fruits will crack, they are not stored for a long time, and they can be rather conditionally called a delicious fruit dessert. For pollination, a thin branch is planted next to it.
The variety was bred as a result of folk selection. The trees are tall, with a pyramidal crown, the peculiarities of the branches gave the name to the variety.
Zarechny Maxim Valerievich
Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.
Important: this is the most frost-resistant pear variety, it can withstand extremely low (up to -60 degrees) temperatures.
The fruits are small, 50-70 grams each, a high-yielding species, sour and astringent pears, they are not used fresh, but are suitable for jam, jams, canning, and have a low calorie content. Fruit of a yellow shade with a burgundy barrel. The beginning of fruiting is 5-6 years after planting.
gives consistently high yields;
does not need care.
affected by scab;
not consumed fresh;
begins to bear fruit at 8-10 years of age.
In the southern regions, Tonkovotka often grows in abandoned gardens. Dula Novgorodskaya should be planted next to Tonkovotka, for stable fruiting of trees of both varieties.
This pear belongs to the early autumn varieties, the harvest ripens in the first decade of September. The tree is not too tall, spreading. Fruits are small, 65-70 grams, with a yellowish skin. Flush on the side may appear. The fruit is sweet, juicy, the tree begins to bear fruit 5 years after planting.
resistance to scab, fungal infections;
short storage period for fruits (7-10 days);
poor transportability of fruits.
The fruits are delicious, eaten fresh and processed. Fruits have a tart taste, they make delicious compotes and jam. Planting young pears is possible in the fall (after harvesting), at the end of September, so that the trees get stronger and take root before the cold weather. Or in the spring (late April-May).
Variety in Memory of Yakovlev
Autumn type of pear, suitable for the Urals and North-Western regions. The trees are low, up to 2 meters high. Fruits of medium size (125 grams), with a dense glossy skin. The color of the fruit is yellowish; when fully ripe, the side becomes deep red. The taste is sweet and sour, with a delicate aroma.
does not tolerate drought;
• compacted growths appear on fruits from old trees.
The tree becomes an excellent pollinator for other varieties, it can grow alone, but in the presence of a neighbor (for example, Lada), it significantly increases productivity.
The variety is suitable for processing. The fruits are dried, canned, and jam is made.
Winter-hardy variety. The trees are tall, with a dense pyramidal crown. Medium-sized fruits, from 90 to 120 grams. The shade of pears is yellow-green, upon reaching full ripeness it becomes golden, the side of the fruit turns pink. Fruits are juicy, with sweet pulp, and creamy. Reaching full maturity, they quickly crumble.
short shelf life of fruits (10-15 days);
sensitivity to return frost.
Severyanka is grown in the Urals, in the Leningrad and Novgorod regions. A young tree begins to bear fruit 4 years after planting.
The fruit is resistant to the moth and pear mite. Severyanka is not grown in nurseries today; new varieties have been created on its basis.
The successes of breeders make it possible to grow delicious fruits in different regions of the country. The main thing is to choose zoned varieties and properly care for the seedlings.