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What breed of goats can give the most odorless milk, TOP 15 species

What breed of goats can give the most odorless milk, TOP 15 species



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Goat breeding is becoming a popular and profitable branch of agriculture. Goats provide milk, meat, wool, which are valued higher than cows and sheep. Goat meat is a dietary product with low fat content, but sometimes a specific aroma comes from it. Before starting a livestock business, you need to decide on the breed of goats, and which of them gives the most odorless milk.

The best goat breeds

In goat breeding, the following areas are distinguished:

  • dairy;
  • meat;
  • downy;
  • woolen.

A separate mixed industry is also distinguished. It combines breeds that provide several products.

Expert opinion

Zarechny Maxim Valerievich

Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.

Large milk yield is produced by dairy goats, mixed type and dwarf goats. In each industry, the best in terms of productivity, odorless species are distinguished.

Dairy

The main indicators for choosing a dairy goat are the amount of milk yield and the quality of milk. In some animals, the amount of milk dispensed depends on the conditions in which they are kept. Therefore, preference should be given to unpretentious breeds.

Toggenburg

The Swiss milking variety adapts easily to new climates.

gives milk with a fat content of 8%;

suitable for keeping in northern regions.

the quality of milk decreases, and an odor appears due to improper nutrition;

large animals will need a lot of space.

Toggenburg goats are recognizable by their light brown color and white stripes on the muzzle.

Alpine

The breed is distinguished by a dark color: bay with spots or dark on the body and light on the head.

milk does not smell;

an open type of keeping in a pasture is suitable for animals.

fight among themselves and with other animals;

less milk is produced in unfavorable conditions.

Alpine goat milk is tasty but not greasy, and the lactation period is short less than seven months a year. High milk yield will be maintained, provided that there is enough salt in the diet.

Megrelian

Georgian goats graze on the slopes of the mountains and are large in size.

have strong immunity;

short-haired, unpretentious in care.

short lactation - 7 months a year;

grazing on pasture is required.

Animals that graze in the valley produce less milk than those that feed in the mountains.

Meat

Meat goats are distinguished by a rounded barrel-shaped body and a small udder. They provide milk for six months of the year. But among the meat breeds there are breeds with high milk yield, which can be attributed to the mixed meat and dairy group.

Nubian

The British variety is tall, 70 centimeters at the withers. Animals gain weight up to eighty kilograms.

milk with a pleasant creamy taste;

large milk yields begin after the second lambing.

the volume of milk decreases in poor conditions;

aggressive.

Horny Nubian goats have their horns burned as children so they don't mutilate each other and other animals.

Czech brown

A popular breed for breeding in private households.

daily volume of milk - 6 liters;

long lactation period - 11 months;

kids gain weight quickly;

low fat meat.

a purebred animal can be purchased only in the nursery

should not be released into the pasture for the whole day, as they suffer from insect bites.

Czech brown goats adapt quickly to harsh climates.

Boer

Color, according to the standard - white with brown. Goats gain 140 kilograms of weight, and goats gain 90 kilograms. The Boer variety is improved by dairy and downy breeds.

year-round readiness for mating;

calm character, get along with other animals;

strong immunity;

unpretentiousness in food.

good meat and milk are provided only by purebred animals;

sensitive to drafts.

Boer goats devour any plants uncontrollably, so they should not be allowed into the garden and flower garden.

Downy

Thoroughbred downy goats give up to seven hundred grams of down at a time. The bulk of the fluff is obtained from males. Females have a less dense undercoat and produce less milk than dairy breeds.

Cashmere

The species comes from the Tibetan mountains. External differences are hanging ears and compact size of the body.

high productivity and quality of wool;

animals adapt to frost and heat;

give high quality, odorless milk.

wool requires careful care;

productivity depends on the time of the haircut.

6 kilograms of fluff are obtained from a cashmere goat, and 3 kilograms from a goat. But animals need to be sheared at a certain period - before molting.

Orenburg

The Ural breed is the most popular in Russia and Tatarstan. The down of animals is used in the production of Orenburg shawls. The color of the coat is black, red, gray.

fertility;

productivity in cold climates.

hair quality deteriorates with age;

the fluff of mature individuals is suitable for production.

Orenburg goats produce high-quality hair from the age of four. Seven-year-old animals are not shorn.

Wool goats

In the wool group, popular and productive varieties are also distinguished, which do not have a specific aroma.

Angora

The Turkish breed got its name thanks to its historical homeland - Ankara. Animals weigh little - 35-50 kilograms with an increase of 60-70 centimeters at the withers.

shed 2 times a year, give 30% more wool compared to breeds that shed once;

wool is unique in its luster and silkiness.

weak maternal instinct;

wool deteriorates from cold and draft.

Angora goats produce milk with a fat content of 4% and tender, odorless meat.

Pridonskaya

The breed appeared as a result of crossing Don and Angora goats.

high productivity - 1.5 kilograms of wool from one animal;

suitable for pasture and barn keeping.

productivity decreases in unstable climates;

when keeping a large number of individuals in a cramped room, wool deteriorates.

In the pasture, you also need to be careful so that the animals do not clump together. In the summer, grazing is required for at least twelve hours.

Hornless goats

Most hornless breeds belong to the dairy group.

Zaanen or zaanenthal

The German hornless variety with short or missing horns has been known since the 19th century and has a short white coat.

prolific;

highly yielding.

goats smell;

high milk yield is given only by purebred individuals.

You can find a pure Saanen goat in breeding farms. A sign of purebredness is the complete absence of horns.

Campine

The Belgian short-haired white variety produces medium-fat milk.

kind disposition and getting along with other animals;

high productivity;

unpretentiousness in care and nutrition.

you can buy only in the nursery;

high price.

Quality milk is produced by rare purebred Campines.

La Mancha

The selectively bred variety is distinguished by a variety of colors - white, gray, brown.

fertility;

high milk yield.

obesity tendency;

short ears often get parasites.

For one lambing, the Lamanche goat brings up to four kids, and during lactation gives 4 liters of milk per day.

Dwarf

The peculiarity of dwarf animals is strong immunity and resistance to frost.

Cameroon

African small breed with twisted horns. Height at the withers - 50 centimeters. Cameroon goats are decorative, they are black, caramel color and spotted.

high fat milk;

saving on food.

are prone to allergies;

do not tolerate cold, damp climates.

Cameroon goats do well in the herd and yearn alone.

Nigerian

The breed is related to Cameroon and appeared as a result of a genetic mutation under the influence of the hot African climate.

disease resistance;

good character.

fragile bones;

when kept in a stable, it is necessary to create a warm microclimate.

The temperature in the room with animals should not fall below 15 degrees Celsius.

The highest yielding breed

Most of all milk is given by European and dwarf goats:

BreedAnnual milk yield per bird in liters
Czech brown1980
Nubian1400
Zaanenskaya1000
Cameroon960
Megrelian900
Toggenburg600

The amount of milk yield is determined not only by the breed and duration of lactation, but also by nutrition. Animals should receive fresh hay, in summer - green grasses and twigs of fruit trees.

It is also necessary to provide round-the-clock access to clean water. With proper care, milk yield will be maximized.

How to make the right choice

To choose a healthy young goat, you need to pay attention to the following signs:

  • elastic pear-shaped udder without hair, with thin skin, protruding veins and protruding nipples;
  • square incisors, the dentition is even, without gaps;
  • wide chest;
  • prominent, long ribs;
  • an even spine;
  • shoulders and pelvis are at the same level;
  • pure silky wool.

Healthy animals are mobile and curious. In a high-yielding goat, the pelvis is wider than the chest, and the udder is voluminous and almost does not move when walking.

The seller is asked to check the following information:

  • age - high milk yield is given by young individuals up to 5 years old. In older animals, the amount of milk decreases. If the owner claims that the goat is young, but it has worn round incisors and a sagging udder, in fact, the animal is 6 years old or more;
  • number of lambing - the maximum milk yield is obtained after the second or third lambing.

When choosing a goat breed, it is important to take into account the climate in which it will live. Frost and heat affect milk volume. Therefore, before buying, you need to make sure that the animal can be provided with comfortable living conditions.


Watch the video: Top 10 Highest Milk Producing Goats In the World. 10 Best Goat Breeds (August 2022).