We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
It is difficult to imagine a Russian table without beets. Therefore, most gardeners on the site certainly have a place for this tasty and healthy vegetable. The root vegetable improves digestion, is useful for vitamin deficiency, is a dietary product and is recommended by nutritionists for those who want to lose extra pounds. A review of the best varieties of beets for 2021 will help you make the right choice, grow and maintain a good harvest.
The best beet varieties for outdoor use in 2021
There are table, sugar and fodder varieties of this root crop. The fodder beet is intended for animals and is not used for cooking. Sugar goes to sugar production. Table species have a rich burgundy hue, a pleasant sweet taste, vegetables are smaller than fodder in size. They are used for the preparation of various dishes, juices. You can also eat the vegetable raw.
When choosing a variety of beets for planting, you should consider:
- climate in the region;
- root vegetable taste;
- resistance to diseases and pests.
The ability to preserve the harvested crop for a long time is also a very important selection criterion. Usually, preference is given to zoned varieties of root crops.
This is considered a vegetable that fully ripens in 70-90 days. These varieties are suitable for regions with short summers, such as the Urals and Siberia.
Rounded roots with dark flesh, sweet taste, no ringing in the core. Vegetable weight - 200-400 grams.
From the pros:
- not subject to flowering and stemming;
- withstands spring cold snaps.
The disadvantages of the Red Ball include average resistance to disease and lack of moisture.
Productivity - 5-6 kilograms per square meter of area.
A hybrid originally from Holland. The advantage of this variety is:
- uniform color of the core;
- unpretentiousness to the composition of the soil.
Among the disadvantages: when the harvest is delayed, the vegetable loses its taste.
Not afraid of drought and cold, unpretentious to the composition of the soil. Root vegetables weighing 100-200 grams are perfectly stored without changing the taste. They are resistant to bacterial and fungal infections. Due to its high yield, it is suitable for industrial cultivation.
Rounded, slightly flattened roots, reaching 250-500 grams. Vegetable advantages:
- unpretentious care;
- resistance to heat and cold;
- preservation of the shade during cooking.
The disadvantages include:
- the need to dive;
- a large area is allocated for the variety so that the beets are large.
It does not lose its rich shade during cooking, cut without pronounced rings. Excellent fruit preservation. Resistant to infections.
Ripening period - 100-120 days after germination. They are suitable for the Moscow region, the middle zone, the Volga region.
The variety, loved by gardeners for its unpretentiousness, high yield and excellent taste. Root crops are elongated cylindrical in shape. Pros of Cylinders:
- withstands drought;
- long-term preservation;
- has a juicy pulp without rings.
Of the minuses, sensitivity to a decrease in temperature is noted.
The weight of root crops is from 240 to 600 grams. It is quickly prepared without losing the saturation of the hue during heat treatment.
Bred by Italian breeders. In the State Register of the Russian Federation 2 varieties are registered: Detroit and Detroit ruby 3. They differ in the average weight of root crops. The first has 100-200 grams, the second has 220-400 grams. The vegetables are rounded, with a dark red core. The advantages of Detroit are:
- excellent keeping quality and transportability of root crops;
- resistant to lack of moisture, disease and short-term temperature drop.
The gardeners note that Detroit has no shortcomings. The pulp is juicy, sweet, without whitish banding and fibrillation.
Domestic selection. Fruits are round, weighing 150-350 grams. Juicy, with maroon flesh, no banding on the cut. Pros:
- not subject to color;
- undemanding to the composition of the soil.
- requires good illumination of the beds.
These are varieties with a ripening period of 120-135 days. More often grown in the southern regions with long summers.
Late hybrid. A representative of the Czech selection, with a small amount of tops. Root vegetables with a pleasant taste, weighing from 180 to 350 grams. Advantages:
- long shelf life;
- ease of growing and care.
- the need for a pick;
- exactingness to watering and lighting.
The vegetable is cylindrical in shape, with maroon flesh, no ringing.
Late single-seeded (does not require thinning) variety. Leveled rounded root crops, vegetable weight - 200-300 grams. No rings on the cut. Maroon vegetables. Pros of the variety:
- marketable condition;
- long-term preservation.
Cons: when planted in the shade, the roots become smaller. Suitable for all types of processing.
Late-ripening beets. Root crops of dark red color, rounded. The sugar content is about 7%. Advantages of the root crop:
- marketability of the vegetable;
- keeping quality.
- obligatory thinning;
- exactingness to watering.
Amicable ripening of the crop, leveled root crops weighing 260-500 grams are suitable for long-term storage. Does not lose consumer properties.
Choosing beets for greenhouse cultivation
The vegetable is suitable for growing indoors. In the greenhouse, seeds can be sown from the second decade of December, then already at the beginning of spring you can feast on young root crops. Beet tops are also popular in cooking. Salads and light soups are made from it. You can harvest beets in the greenhouse when the vegetables are 3 centimeters in diameter. Periodically thinning the planting, the gardener makes it possible to grow the remaining root crops to large sizes.
Suitable for indoor use: Pablo F1, Cylinder, Detroit, Red ball. For small (dessert) beets, seeds are planted at a distance of 8 centimeters from each other; if you plan to grow larger root crops, it is increased to 10-12 centimeters.
How to choose a beet variety for a specific region
It is easy for a novice gardener to get confused in the abundance of proposals. For cold regions, early varieties are selected, early and mid-season varieties can be planted in the middle lane, and late varieties are also cultivated in the southern regions.
For the middle lane
Red ball, Cylinder, both varieties of Detroit, Mulatto, Bordeaux 237 are perfect. All these varieties are unpretentious and resistant to diseases. They do not suffer from a lack of moisture and are able to survive a short spring cold snap.
For Siberia and the Urals
In these regions, early varieties are more often planted, capable of ripening in a short warm period. Popular among gardeners are Red Ball, Bordeaux 237, Cylinder, Red Ice, Cold-resistant 19. The excellent keeping quality of root crops allows them to be preserved until spring without losing their taste and appearance.
For Moscow region
The same varieties are popular here as in the middle lane. They have time to fully ripen and are perfectly stored.
Other criteria for the selection of varieties
Most choose beets, focusing on the taste of the product, taking into account the keeping quality of the harvested crop. Many people try to find a variety that does not discolor during cooking.
If beets are supposed to be stored for a long time, preference should be given to mid-season and late varieties. Early root crops are shorter; it is better to use them for food in the first months after harvest. Mid-season and late beets last 8-12 months.
Important: the roots are not washed after harvesting, the tails are not removed, they are cleaned of large clods of earth and the tops are cut, leaving 2-3 centimeters.
Before laying in a cellar or basement, they should be sorted out, dried and stored in a cool, ventilated room. The boxes with vegetables should be raised 10-15 centimeters above the floor.
The sweetest beetroot for 2021
The sweetest varieties are: Mulatka, Cylinder, Bordeaux 237. These root vegetables are suitable for making juice, children's and dietetic cuisine.
The best varieties of beetroot
Housewives prefer a vegetable without cut rings and whitish veins. Such varieties are presented in the review.
This type of vegetable is intended for feeding farm animals. Such root vegetables differ in color, they are less sweet and much larger than table counterparts. The average weight is from 600 grams to 2.5 kilograms. They can be yellow, red, almost white, orange. The most productive are: Milana, Record Poli, Ekkendof yellow.
Beets have been cultivated by humans for many centuries. During this time, a huge number of varieties of this vegetable have appeared. Breeding work does not end, new varieties of root crops appear on the market. Therefore, each gardener can choose an option for himself to taste.