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Description of pigeons of the Baku breed, types and names of suits and their content

Description of pigeons of the Baku breed, types and names of suits and their content



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Every owner of the dovecote knows Baku high-flying pigeons, famous for their endurance, exciting games in flight, and non-capricious content. The term "fighting" is not equal to the concept of "fighting". The pigeon breed is not intended for fighting, it is decorative, adapted to perform exciting stunts. Its representatives, playing in the air, "beat" with their wings, that is, they make a flapping sound.

The origin of the Baku people

Slaughter pigeons were bred by the Persians. Initially, the northern regions of Azerbaijan were Iranian lands, at the beginning of the 19th century they entered the Russian Empire. In this area, pigeons, outwardly close to the modern breed, began to be bred in the 1950s. The first fighting birds were unattractive, with a humped body and short limbs.

When the pigeons were brought to Baku, local poultry farmers bred the existing breed. Several generations of Azerbaijani breeders tenderly bred birds, considered them their pride. Today the Baku breed is widespread throughout Russia, especially popular in the Caucasus region.

Expert opinion

Zarechny Maxim Valerievich

Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.

If earlier Bakuvians were valued exclusively for their flying qualities, now noble birds are often bred as decorative ones.

Bird exterior

Baku pigeons are medium-sized, but strong, harmoniously built. The description of the breed is given in the table.

HeadElongated, the frontal and occipital parts are rounded, the crown is flattened, the crown can be decorated with a forelock
beakstraight, thin, slightly curved at the end, white, about 2.2 cm long, with a smooth, weakly expressed wax (base)
torsostrong, elongated, fusiform, with developed muscles, smoothly tapering from the shoulder girdle to the tail, the neck is short, slightly curved
wingslong, lie tightly on the body, flight feathers are connected on the tail
tailclosed, neat, tail feathers up to 16 pieces
limbsnaked or densely covered with short feathers, red skin, translucent white nails
plumagevoluminous, dense, feathers are smooth and even lying, the neck casts a purple color
colorsvaried, solid and variegated, according to flight performance (height and duration), white individuals are considered the best

Advantages and disadvantages

Before planting Baku pigeons, the dovecote holder should familiarize himself with the peculiarities of the breed.

beautiful flight variations, exciting sky games

endurance;

undemanding to the conditions of detention;

low susceptibility to most avian diseases;

decorativeness, variety of colors.

genetic susceptibility to external defects;

the need for long training;

the cost of feeding to ensure a long flight;

the probability of young untrained individuals not returning to the dovecote.

Types of Baku battle

Baku pigeons are broad-tailed and multi-feather high-flying birds, differing in color. Baku residents of all stripes are destined for flying competitions. Gray pigeons are less in demand, since their tricks are poorly visible in the gray-blue sky. Varieties of Baku pigeons:

  1. Marble - brightly colored, speckled birds with a wide tail. The mottling of each bird is unique, and, as it ages and sheds, the pigeon acquires a more intense color. Thanks to this feature, experienced poultry breeders manage to roughly find out the age of the bird by color. Mating is only intrabreed, the offspring receives the maternal color genes.
  2. Chile - this exotic name is borne by Baku pigeons of black or red color with a head covered with light specks, a tuft on the top of the head and short brush-like feathers on their paws. The breed is highly regarded for the beauty of its high straight flight and the ability to make difficult somersaults while hovering in the sky.
  3. Manes (they are necks) are unusually beautiful birds of light (white or milky) matte color. The back of the neck under the nape is decorated with a black, red or gray spot. Tail feathers may have a similar contrasting color. A feature of the breed is an unbent neck. Some individuals wear a tuft on their heads.
  4. Red-tailed and black-tailed Baku pigeons are elegant snow-white varieties, distinguished by the corresponding color of the tail feathers. In many individuals, the top of the head is decorated with a tuft.
  5. Wide-tailed - Baku pigeons, gaining an amazing flight altitude, distinguished by high endurance, physical strength, the ability to fly for a long time. The color is varied, but always light (white, beige, light gray). The peculiarity of the breed is the peacock-like shape of the straightened tail feathers.
  6. Whites are representatives of all Baku varieties of the corresponding color, leading in terms of flight performance.
  7. Uzbek - crested Baku pigeons. There are individuals with a double tuft, with a tuft above the beak. They are distinguished by an excellent ability to somersault.
  8. Mirror - pigeons with a symmetrical pattern along the spinal column.
  9. Chubates are representatives of the Baku species with a tuft on their heads.

Flight features

Baku pigeons rise high, leaving the viewer, beautifully enter the "post", give out a "fight". The breed is not gregarious, each individual produces separate pirouettes. For example, black Baku residents are capable of entering the “post” at 12-15 m with 5-6 somersaults. Moreover, a "fight" is possible in a ribbon, in which the bird goes horizontally with somersaults, and a "pillar", when the pigeon walks vertically, flapping its wings.

Baku pigeons have excellent spatial orientation. The bird finds its way home, being hundreds of kilometers away.

Standard flight parameters:

  • maximum height - 1500 m;
  • duration of stay in the sky - up to 12 hours;
  • the maximum distance covered is up to 600 km.

During the competition, the judges evaluate the purity of performance and compliance with the technique. There are the following options for "battle":

  1. Entrance to the "post". The dove rushes vertically upward, suddenly falls head over heels, while emitting flapping sounds from its wings.
  2. "Screw post". The bird moves with a screw, while flapping its wings.
  3. "Fight" with freezing. Slow movement, during which the bird hovers to rise, to make somersaults. This is accompanied by beautiful flapping of the wings.

Basic training rules

They start training Baku pigeons quite early, usually by the 35-40th day of the chicks' life. But it all depends on the health of the birds and the conditions of detention, in some cases, chicks that have reached 2 months begin to train. According to experienced poultry farmers, it is advisable to start training earlier, since it is more difficult for grown pigeons to acquire playing skills.

Classes begin with learning to use the wings. Further, the birds are taught to sit down and flap their wings. Young Baku individuals often experience difficulties with somersaults, sharply decline, falling on the tail. But after 2-3 months, the pigeons are already performing tricks perfectly. The final formation of the "fight" style takes place at the age of 1-2, but the most gifted are enough for several months.

If a young bird began to "beat" 15-20 days after the start of the flight, then after molting, there is a high probability of a change in play.

During training, it is necessary to release 6-8 birds at a time. But usually up to 20 juveniles are released. Females are not touched 2 days before laying eggs and for 24 hours after. Chicks stay with their parents for a week.

For 3-4 days before departure, the birds are kept in a half-starved state so that they return. An hour before the game, they are intensively soldered. Males and females are allowed separately. In the winter months, pigeons are not released, since there is a high probability of loss of orientation in the terrain due to bad weather.

Maintenance and care rules

Pigeons of the Baku breed are not capricious in their care. Females sit wonderfully on the clutch, they have a developed maternal instinct. Since pigeons are birds that are unsatisfactory from a sanitary point of view, they can carry diseases dangerous to humans, the poultry breeder must obtain permission to breed birds from a sanitary inspection specialist. The dovecote should be built so that cats and rodents cannot enter it.

Dovecote size

Since fighting pigeons train not only in the sky, but also in the dovecote, it should be spacious. Optimal size - 15 m2 for 10 individuals. The height from floor to ceiling must be at least 2 m.

Temperature, ventilation

In summer, the dovecote should not be higher than +22 ° C. In colder months, the temperature should not drop below +5 ° C. Sudden temperature fluctuations are unacceptable. It is not necessary to install heating equipment, but there should not be any cracks in the walls. It is advisable to cover the floor with insulation; in the off-season, the litter needs to be changed more often, since it dries up faster.

Ventilation should be good, and in the upper part of the building, as ammonia fumes from bird droppings accumulate under the ceiling.

Perches and nests

Perches are made of wood, according to the number of birds. The pigeons rest on them after the flight. They can be made in the form of poles and shelves. Nests are made in the form of small wooden boxes, hay or straw is placed inside. If the owner did not make nests for the pets, then the Bakuvians themselves build them from what they find. To prevent this from happening, the dovecote must be kept clean, all unnecessary must be removed from it. The female of the Baku breed makes clutches of eggs throughout the year.

Drinker, feeder, bathing

To prevent pigeons from fighting for food and water, there should be several feeders and drinkers in the dovecote. Drinkers should always have water. It is desirable that the trough is made of natural material. The structure should be with a lid so that dirt does not get into the feed, and the birds do not row the grain with their paws. The bathing suit is made double. Sand is poured into the first half, water is poured into the second.

Litter and cleanliness requirements

Hay or sawdust can be used as bedding. Change the bedding once a week. The dovecote is disinfected monthly, the surfaces are washed with soapy water. Can also be used for decontamination by blowtorch firing.

Letok

This is the name of a square take-off platform with a side of 15 cm. It is convenient for birds to take off from it, sit on it, returning to the dovecote. There should be 2 individuals on the site.

Drawing up a diet

Many owners agree that fighting pigeons should be underfed so that they are more obedient and return home. Some owners do not offend the birds in their diet. But overfeeding is definitely unacceptable. Pets must be taught to a strict diet from the first days of life.

Basic feed for Baku pigeons:

  • wheat;
  • millet;
  • oats;
  • barley;
  • rice;
  • corn.

Grain feed is supplemented with seed (hemp, flax, sunflower seeds). In the summer months, pets are treated with chopped herbs (dandelions, lettuce, spinach). In winter, vitamin complexes must be included in the diet to maintain immunity.

About the neighborhood with another bird

Baku pigeons live in an intra-breed family. But if you want to have birds of different breeds and even species, then there is no problem with that. It is advisable to buy chicks at the same time, then they will quickly get used to each other. Baku residents are not inclined to fight with neighbors.

How to treat Baku residents

In good conditions, the Baku pigeon lives up to 30 years. With poor maintenance, the bird is sick, its lifespan is reduced by 2-3 times. Sharp temperature fluctuations negatively affect the well-being of Baku pigeons, both upward and downward. Overheated birds breathe with difficulty, opening their beak. To save the pets, the roof of the dovecote is watered with cold water, so the temperature inside will decrease. It is strictly forbidden to let the birds out in the heat, their body may not be able to withstand it.

Young individuals are most susceptible to hypothermia. They grow more slowly, their digestive tract is disrupted, and their health worsens. The frozen chick freezes, then dies. To prevent this from happening, in cold weather the parent birds need to be kept in the nest, they will warm the offspring.

Pigeons can be attacked by chewing lice and other parasites. Sick birds must be bathed in a solution of a veterinary antiparasitic drug.

Lack of ventilation negatively affects the health of pigeons. The breath of many birds increases the concentration of carbon dioxide in the dovecote, and decomposing droppings release ammonia. Birds breathing accumulated poisonous gases do not eat well, their skeleton becomes thinner, becomes fragile, and minerals are washed out of it. This is why good ventilation is so important.


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