Grapes "Kesha" and its main varieties in homestead viticulture

Grapes "Kesha" and its main varieties in homestead viticulture

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Grapes "Kesha" is an early and table variety demanded in the market of white grapes. This hybrid is very popular and has several very high-quality varieties.

Selection history

Grapes "Kesha" obtained as a result of crossbreeding. Varieties Frumoasa Albe and Vostorg were involved as a parent pair. The authorship belongs to Russian breeders from VNIIViV them. ME AND. Potapenko. Also, the hybrid is known under the names "FV-6-5" and "Delight improved."

Grade characteristics

Grapes of the Kesha variety are characterized by an early or early-medium ripening period and allow you to get a crop 120-130 days after the awakening of vegetative buds.

Biological description

Grapes of the Kesha variety form rather vigorous bushes and are distinguished by good productivity. The flowers are bisexual, which guarantees high rates of pollination.

The grape cluster is characterized by a cylindrical or pronounced conical shape. Quite often there is the formation of shapeless, moderately dense in structure grape brushes located on a long but neat comb. The average weight of one brush can vary from 0.6 to 0.9 kg.

Technical characteristics of berries

The hybrid form of Kesha grapes is distinguished by very large berries, the dimensions of which are about 3.2 x 2.5 cm. The average weight of an oval-shaped berry is from 10 to 12 g. The berries are covered with a fairly dense white skin. The pulp is typically dense, with a harmonious taste and high rates of sugar accumulation. The total sugar content varies from 19% to 24%, acidity at the level of 5-8 g / l. The pulp contains medium-sized seeds in an amount of one to three.

Photo gallery

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

Description of the variety allows us to make unambiguous conclusions about a significant number of advantages of Kesha grapes:

  • a high degree of transportability of the harvested crop;
  • early and very friendly, full-fledged ripening of shoots;
  • the number of fruitful shoots varies from 60% to 85%;
  • for one shoot an average of 1.2-1.6 grape brushes;
  • frost resistance of the plant reaches - 23 ° C;
  • increased resistance of grapes to mildew;
  • high rates of rooting of cuttings;
  • early entry into fruiting.

A few disadvantages include crushing berries with a significant number of formed grape brushes.

Grapes "Kesha": features of the variety

Variety varieties

To date, winegrowers have managed to test in the cultivation of several fairly successful varieties of the hybrid form "Kesha". Despite a certain similarity between them, it is not difficult for experienced gardeners to distinguish between two popular species.

Variety "Kesha-1"

This hybrid variety is better known under the names "Super Kesha" and "Talisman." The main harvest occurs in mid-September.

The grape brush is quite massive and heavy. The average weight of the bunch varies from 0.8 to 1.1 kg. The berries are very large and even in shape and size. The average weight of the berry reaches 15 g.

The variety is resistant to the main diseases of grapes. To distinguish "Super Kesha" from "Kesha" inexperienced winegrower is almost impossible.

Variety "Kesha-2"

Known to winegrowers under the names "Tamerlane", "Kesha nutmeg" and "Goldilocks". The hybrid form was obtained as a result of crossing the Super Kesh and Radiant raisins varieties. This variety has many admirers, which is due to very early ripening: grape harvest can be obtained after 105-115 days.

Ripe grape clusters of this hybrid have a conical shape, and the average weight of each brush is 1.2 kg. Very large, beautiful berries at the stage of full ripening acquire the color of amber. The taste of a very juicy and sweet pulp captures a characteristic muscat.

Landing and care

Grapes "Kesha" best manifests itself when high-quality perennial wood from an old but healthy grape bush is used as a stock. Saplings acquired in nurseries are healthy and have good quality characteristics. Landing is carried out according to the following recommendations:

  • planting of planting material should be carried out in the spring when the air warms up to 15 ºС;
  • it is recommended to prepare a landing pit for spring planting in the fall;
  • the bottom of the pit must be filled by a third with a mixture of fertile soil with the addition of rotted, high-quality humus;
  • the distance between the landing pits can be 1-1.5 meters;
  • when planting, the grafting site or the root neck of the seedling should be placed 5 centimeters above the ground surface;
  • next to the sapling should be fixed a support to which the plant is attached for the correct location of the vine;
  • Planted plants should be abundantly watered at the rate of about 25 liters of water for each seedling.

It should be remembered that the plants planted in the autumn period need protection from frost in the winter. Grapes "Kesha" responds quite well to fertilizer, but does not tolerate fertilizing with urea or other nitrogen-containing complexes.

Gardeners reviews

Grapes "Kesha" admire beginner growers both in the photo and live when visiting the sites of more experienced and professional gardeners. The tasting score of this hybrid form is 8 points, which is a good result for table grapes. When growing grapes of this variety, gardeners with experience advise to perform powerful formations with a significant supply of perennial wood.

Most wine growers say that among the varieties of the Kesha variety, the Talisman, or Kesha-1, is the best due to higher resistance to the most harmful diseases for vineyards, as well as the formation of large and elegant berries.

Growing grape seedlings from cuttings