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Systemic fungicides, which have a broad spectrum of action, are widely used in agriculture. Consider the protective and medicinal properties of "Tebuconazole" - a drug for treating cultivated plants from fungi. Where is the product used, how to prepare the solution and how much to consume it. What drugs is the fungicide compatible with and how it can be replaced.
Composition and form of release of the systemic fungicide "Tebuconazole"
The active substance of the drug - tebuconazole - belongs to the class of triazoles. The preparation contains 60 g per 1 liter. The product is produced by the manufacturer "Soyuzagrokhim" in the form of a powder and a concentrate of an emulsion or suspension (in cans of 5 liters), less often as a microemulsion and a flowing paste. By the way of penetration "Tebuconazole" belongs to systemic pesticides, by action on pathogenic organisms - to fungicides, has a protective and curative effect.
How does the remedy work
"Tebuconazole" is used for seed dressing and for spraying already growing plants. Protects crops from all types of rust. The effect lasts 3 weeks. On seeds, it inhibits pathogens, causative agents of root rot, soot fungi and mold. The substance stops the synthesis of ergosterol in pathogen cells, which leads to their death. It penetrates into plants easily, then spreads throughout the plant in equal doses. Has a specific effect on rust pathogens parasitizing cereals. Powdery mildew pathogens are weaker.
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Has a regenerating effect, regulates seed growth, with a lack or excess of moisture in the soil, deep seeding of seeds, the use of herbicides, the germination rate may decrease.
Scope of the drug
Tebuconazole is used on spring and winter wheat and barley, on oats and winter rye, millet, flax and motherwort for the treatment and prevention of fungal diseases. Does not contribute to the emergence of resistance.
To combat fungi of leaves and ears of cereals, gray rot on grapes, some diseases of soybeans, rapeseed, sunflower, vegetable, stone fruit crops, the consumption rate is 125-1000 g per hectare (when spraying). For seed treatment against sooty fungi and septoria, the consumption rate is 2-25 g per 10 kg of processed material.
Instructions for using the product
The drug is used on grain crops in large farms and in private ones - for the treatment of vineyards, orchards and vegetable crops. In each case, the concentration of solutions and their volume will be different.
For the processing of spring and winter wheat, the application rate is 0.4-0.5 liters per hectare, depending on the type of disease. The solution is used for dressing seed grain 1-2 weeks before sowing. 10 liters of solution are consumed per ton of grain. The same regulation applies to seeds of winter and spring barley, oats and winter rye.
The last time grain can be treated with Tebukonazole a month before harvesting.
As a seed dresser, "Tebukonazole" is used to treat seed material of millet and fiber flax. Millet protects against smut, flax - against anthracnose and spotting. The rate of application is 0.25 liters per ton, the rate of solution consumption in the first case is 10 liters per ton, in the second - 3-5 liters.
Low toxicity for humans (hazard class - 3), birds, earthworms, algae, non-toxic for bees, therefore it is not prohibited to use it near apiaries. It remains in the soil for up to 5-6 weeks, slowly breaks down and moves in the soil.
You can work with him in loose clothing, gloves, glasses and a respirator. At the time of processing, there should be no strangers near the solution. After treatment, rinse your face and hands in warm water, rinse the containers in which the solution was located. In case of poisoning, which rarely happens, drink water and rinse the stomach. If the solution comes into contact with the skin or eyes, wash it off with water.
Analogs and compatibility with other drugs
Analogs of Tebuconazole - Tebuzan Ultra, Tebuconazol Star, Tebufor, Universal, Fusarin, Tabs. The fungicide composes well in tank mixes, that is, it is compatible with many pesticides.
Despite good compatibility, it is recommended to check the compatibility of pesticides if their compatibility is not indicated in the instructions.
How to store it correctly?
Store the drug for 2 years after release, in its original packaging, hermetically sealed. Keep in a dry and dark room, at temperatures from 0 ° C to +35 ° C. There should be no medicines, products, or feed mixtures near agrochemistry. Children and animals should be prohibited from entering the premises. After the expiration date, the pesticide must be disposed of. The finished solution is stored for only 1 day.
"Tebuconazole" is an economically beneficial fungicide, since it is consumed in small quantities and has high bioactivity. Works in all climates, so it can be used in all agricultural regions.
It destroys fungi already at the seed stage, thereby preventing their penetration into seedlings and soil. May affect seed germination. The fungicide effectively acts both on infections located on the surface and inside the seeds, this action extends to naked and membranous crops. By suppressing fungi, it enhances the rooting and tillering of cereals, the protective effect lasts until the heading of plants. It has a pronounced preventive and medicinal effect on crops, stops infections, preventing them from developing. Not phytotoxic, but can slow seed germination in too moist or dry soil and at low temperatures.